Economic Indicators

State Jobs Picture

Updated March 2019

The unemployment rate and the change in the number of jobs are important indicators of state labor market health. The unemployment rate is the share of the state’s labor force that is not currently employed and is actively looking for work. Healthy job growth is growth that provides regular employment for all individuals wanting a job. 

The map below shows the current unemployment rate in each state, and the percent change in the number of jobs in each state over the preceding 12 months. Clicking on a state will also show the change in that state’s unemployment rate or change in the number of jobs over the last 3 months, 12 months, and since December 2007—the peak of the previous business cycle.

March

Current state unemployment rate and percent change in total number of jobs over last 12 months

State Current unemployment rate Change in unemployment rate in last 3 months Change in unemployment rate in last 12 months Change in unemployment rate since February 2020 State unemployment rate ranking from lowest to highest Percent change in number of jobs in last 12 months Change in number of jobs in last 12 months Percent change in number of jobs in last 3 months Change in number of jobs in last 3 months Percent change in number of jobs since February 2020 Change in number of jobs since since February 2020
Alabama 12.90% 10.20% 9.70% 10.20% 25 -9.70% -201200 -10.40% -216500 -10.50% -218800
Alaska 12.90% 6.60% 6.80% 7.10% 26 -14.50% -48000 -14.20% -46800 -14.50% -47900
Arizona 12.60% 5.70% 7.80% 8.10% 23 -8.20% -238400 -10.20% -305600 -10.40% -309500
Arkansas 10.20% 12.00% 6.70% 6.70% 9 -8.40% -107900 -8.70% -111500 -8.70% -111700
California 15.50% 7.40% 11.30% 11.60% 42 -13.40% -2324000 -14.40% -2534200 -14.50% -2555200
Colorado 11.30% 5.40% 8.40% 8.80% 16 -10.70% -296200 -12.10% -340400 -12.10% -340000
Connecticut 7.90% 10.60% 4.20% 4.10% 1 -16.40% -276800 -16.80% -285700 -17.00% -288400
Delaware 14.30% 7.10% 10.70% 10.40% 31 -16.10% -74900 -16.80% -78700 -17.30% -81800
Florida 12.90% 9.10% 9.60% 10.10% 27 -11.30% -1010500 -12.80% -1158600 -12.80% -1161400
Georgia 11.90% 19.20% 8.30% 8.80% 20 -10.30% -473100 -11.30% -524800 -11.30% -525600
Hawaii 22.30% 8.80% 19.60% 19.60% 49 -18.50% -121200 -19.30% -127000 -19.10% -125600
Idaho 11.50% 13.60% 8.60% 8.80% 19 -9.00% -68200 -10.60% -81400 -10.90% -84100
Illinois 16.40% 13.40% 12.20% 13.00% 45 -13.40% -822800 -13.60% -834500 -13.40% -823100
Indiana 16.90% 7.10% 13.50% 13.80% 47 -13.30% -420500 -13.60% -431500 -13.70% -434800
Iowa 10.20% 8.40% 7.50% 7.40% 10 -12.10% -191200 -12.00% -189700 -11.80% -186000
Kansas 11.20% 12.30% 8.00% 8.10% 15 -9.30% -133200 -9.80% -140600 -9.90% -141800
Kentucky 15.40% 10.20% 11.10% 11.20% 39 -15.50% -299900 -15.90% -308500 -15.90% -309700
Louisiana 14.50% 5.30% 10.00% 9.30% 32 -13.70% -273100 -13.50% -267700 -13.70% -273900
Maine 10.60% 6.80% 7.50% 7.40% 12 -16.20% -102800 -16.80% -107400 -16.60% -105600
Maryland 9.90% 11.80% 6.20% 6.60% 8 -12.70% -351000 -13.60% -379800 -13.60% -380100
Massachusetts 15.10% 19.90% 12.10% 12.30% 35 -17.30% -638000 -17.90% -663200 -18.00% -666800
Michigan 22.70% 4.30% 18.40% 19.10% 50 -23.00% -1017100 -23.30% -1036800 -23.50% -1047700
Minnesota 8.10% 12.20% 4.90% 5.00% 2 -12.90% -382900 -13.20% -394100 -13.00% -387600
Mississippi 15.40% 4.20% 10.10% 10.00% 40 -10.30% -118600 -10.60% -122800 -10.80% -125500
Missouri 9.70% 7.80% 6.50% 6.20% 6 -11.30% -328500 -11.60% -338000 -11.60% -339300
Montana 11.30% 4.80% 7.80% 7.80% 17 -11.60% -56200 -12.80% -62800 -12.90% -63000
Nebraska 8.30% 25.30% 5.20% 5.40% 3 -7.90% -81300 -9.00% -93700 -9.00% -93500
Nevada 28.20% 12.70% 24.20% 24.60% 51 -18.00% -254800 -18.90% -269800 -18.70% -266500
New Hampshire 16.30% 12.70% 13.80% 13.70% 44 -16.30% -111800 -17.10% -118500 -17.10% -117800
New Jersey 15.30% 7.50% 11.90% 11.50% 38 -18.70% -784300 -19.60% -831700 -19.60% -832800
New Mexico 11.30% 9.70% 6.30% 6.50% 18 -10.40% -89200 -11.70% -101700 -11.80% -102200
New York 14.50% 8.40% 10.50% 10.80% 33 -19.40% -1904900 -19.80% -1944600 -19.80% -1951500
North Carolina 12.20% 4.90% 8.10% 8.60% 22 -12.40% -568200 -13.30% -612700 -13.40% -616000
North Dakota 8.50% 14.50% 6.20% 6.30% 4 -9.70% -42800 -10.00% -44300 -10.00% -44300
Ohio 16.80% 9.60% 12.70% 12.70% 46 -15.70% -876700 -15.70% -881400 -15.80% -883700
Oklahoma 13.70% 10.90% 10.50% 10.50% 28 -8.70% -148100 -8.60% -145700 -8.50% -144600
Oregon 14.20% 11.80% 10.20% 10.90% 30 -12.70% -246600 -13.50% -264600 -13.60% -266600
Pennsylvania 15.10% 12.30% 11.00% 10.40% 36 -17.20% -1044000 -17.80% -1082400 -17.90% -1095400
Rhode Island 17.00% 8.70% 13.40% 13.60% 48 -18.60% -93800 -19.20% -97200 -19.40% -98700
South Carolina 12.10% 7.80% 8.80% 9.60% 21 -11.70% -254600 -13.10% -290200 -13.20% -292100
South Dakota 10.20% 11.30% 7.00% 6.90% 11 -7.60% -33500 -8.80% -39000 -8.80% -39300
Tennessee 14.70% 9.50% 11.20% 11.30% 34 -11.00% -341000 -12.10% -382100 -12.30% -387200
Texas 12.80% 6.20% 9.30% 9.30% 24 -8.70% -1110600 -10.40% -1345900 -10.70% -1388800
Utah 9.70% 13.10% 7.00% 7.20% 7 -7.00% -109100 -8.70% -138500 -8.90% -141300
Vermont 15.60% 8.20% 13.30% 13.20% 43 -21.50% -68100 -20.80% -65500 -20.80% -65300
Virginia 10.60% 12.70% 7.70% 8.00% 13 -9.00% -365200 -10.10% -411700 -10.10% -415900
Washington 15.40% 11.30% 11.00% 11.60% 41 -14.10% -488500 -15.60% -548500 -15.70% -552400
Washington D.C. 11.10% 7.70% 5.50% 6.00% 14 -7.80% -62100 -8.50% -68400 -8.70% -69600
West Virginia 15.20% 9.10% 10.50% 10.30% 37 -14.30% -103400 -13.40% -95500 -12.90% -92000
Wisconsin 14.10% 5.70% 10.80% 10.60% 29 -15.30% -455600 -15.50% -464700 -15.50% -465300
Wyoming 9.20% 5.50% 5.70% 5.50% 5 -9.00% -26000 -8.40% -24300 -8.60% -24700

Jobs refers to the total number of jobs, part-time or full-time, in nonfarm establishments.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics' Local Area Unemployment Statistics data

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When workers lose a job or cannot find work, they and their families lose wages and benefits, and the adverse effects may last a very long time as career trajectories are interrupted. When more workers are unemployed, it also depresses wage growth for those workers who have a job, since employers have little need to raise pay to attract or retain staff. Although the country remains on a positive trend of job growth and falling unemployment, many states still have rates of job growth that are leaving many unable to find work and paychecks falling behind. To ensure workers in every community have access to jobs and rising pay, policymakers should prioritize a full employment agenda.

Data come from the State and Regional Employment report, released monthly by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Explore the map to see how these indicators differ across the country and read EPI’s recent research analyzing jobs and unemployment.