Economic Indicators

State Jobs Picture

Updated March 2019

The unemployment rate and the change in the number of jobs are important indicators of state labor market health. The unemployment rate is the share of the state’s labor force that is not currently employed and is actively looking for work. Healthy job growth is growth that provides regular employment for all individuals wanting a job. 

The map below shows the current unemployment rate in each state, and the percent change in the number of jobs in each state over the preceding 12 months. Clicking on a state will also show the change in that state’s unemployment rate or change in the number of jobs over the last 3 months, 12 months, and since December 2007—the peak of the previous business cycle.

June

Current state unemployment rate and percent change in total number of jobs over last 12 months

State Current unemployment rate Change in unemployment rate in last 3 months Change in unemployment rate in last 12 months Change in unemployment rate since Dec. 2007 State unemployment rate ranking from lowest to highest Percent change in number of jobs in last 12 months Change in number of jobs in last 12 months Percent change in number of jobs in last 3 months Change in number of jobs in last 3 months Percent change in number of jobs since Dec. 2007 Change in number of jobs since Dec. 2007
Alabama 3.3% -0.5% -0.7% -1.0% 31 2.0% 40300 0.7% 15100 2.6% 53000
Alaska 6.3% -0.2% -0.3% -0.1% 1 1.4% 4600 0.0% -100 4.0% 12900
Arizona 4.9% 0.0% 0.2% 0.6% 4 2.5% 72200 0.7% 19500 9.4% 251800
Arkansas 3.4% -0.2% -0.2% -1.7% 25 1.0% 12100 0.0% 500 5.6% 67800
California 4.1% -0.2% 0.0% -1.8% 13 1.8% 311800 0.5% 82500 13.0% 2007400
Colorado 2.9% -0.4% -0.4% -1.2% 41 1.9% 52700 0.8% 22700 18.6% 437200
Connecticut 3.6% -0.2% -0.4% -1.3% 20 0.2% 3200 -0.2% -2800 -1.0% -16700
Delaware 3.3% 0.1% -0.4% -0.4% 32 0.5% 2500 -0.3% -1300 5.1% 22400
Washington D.C. 5.6% 0.0% 0.1% 0.0% 2 1.2% 9700 0.8% 6600 14.7% 102500
Florida 3.3% -0.2% -0.2% -1.4% 33 2.6% 227200 0.8% 67700 13.6% 1081400
Georgia 3.6% -0.2% -0.2% -1.4% 21 1.6% 74300 0.5% 24100 10.7% 445700
Hawaii 2.8% 0.0% 0.3% -0.3% 46 0.7% 4300 0.0% 0 5.1% 31700
Idaho 2.9% 0.1% 0.1% -0.2% 42 2.8% 20600 1.1% 8400 15.8% 104000
Illinois 4.2% -0.2% 0.0% -1.2% 11 1.0% 62700 0.2% 9500 3.4% 204100
Indiana 3.4% -0.2% -0.1% -1.3% 26 0.7% 21800 -0.1% -2200 6.0% 178300
Iowa 2.5% 0.1% 0.1% -1.2% 48 0.6% 10200 0.4% 5900 4.6% 69600
Kansas 3.3% -0.2% 0.0% -1.0% 34 1.0% 14200 0.4% 5300 3.1% 43100
Kentucky 4.3% 0.3% -0.1% -1.1% 8 1.5% 28100 0.5% 10400 5.5% 101800
Louisiana 4.3% -0.2% -0.7% 0.1% 9 -0.1% -1000 -0.1% -2300 2.2% 42900
Maine 3.0% -0.3% -0.4% -1.8% 39 1.0% 6400 0.3% 1800 2.0% 12400
Maryland 3.8% 0.0% -0.1% 0.5% 19 0.1% 2400 -0.5% -12700 5.0% 131800
Massachusetts 2.9% 0.0% -0.4% -1.7% 43 1.0% 37300 0.2% 8000 10.9% 361000
Michigan 4.3% 0.2% 0.3% -2.9% 10 0.4% 17600 -0.1% -4700 4.5% 192400
Minnesota 3.4% 0.1% 0.6% -1.3% 27 0.0% 800 0.1% 4000 7.0% 192600
Mississippi 5.1% 0.2% 0.4% -0.7% 3 1.6% 19000 0.7% 8200 1.0% 11600
Missouri 3.3% 0.0% 0.3% -2.1% 35 1.2% 34700 0.6% 16500 4.2% 118100
Montana 3.4% -0.3% -0.3% -0.8% 28 1.5% 7000 1.0% 4700 8.7% 38700
Nebraska 3.1% 0.2% 0.4% 0.1% 38 0.5% 5100 0.4% 4200 6.5% 62700
Nevada 4.1% 0.1% -0.4% -0.9% 14 3.1% 43400 0.0% 600 10.5% 135900
New Hampshire 2.5% 0.1% 0.0% -1.0% 49 1.5% 10200 0.3% 2200 6.4% 41600
New Jersey 3.3% -0.6% -0.7% -1.2% 36 1.2% 48300 0.0% 600 3.1% 127300
New Mexico 4.9% -0.1% 0.1% 1.0% 5 2.4% 19800 1.0% 8900 1.4% 12000
New York 4.0% 0.1% 0.0% -0.8% 15 1.0% 95500 0.0% 3000 11.5% 1012000
North Carolina 4.2% 0.2% 0.4% -0.7% 12 1.7% 75700 0.3% 13800 9.7% 406100
North Dakota 2.4% 0.1% -0.2% -0.6% 50 0.2% 800 0.3% 1300 20.4% 73900
Ohio 4.0% -0.2% -0.6% -1.6% 16 0.5% 25200 -0.1% -4500 3.2% 174900
Oklahoma 3.2% -0.1% 0.0% -0.4% 37 0.9% 14500 0.5% 8200 6.2% 99000
Oregon 4.0% -0.3% 0.0% -1.3% 17 1.9% 36400 0.1% 1200 11.8% 205900
Pennsylvania 3.9% 0.1% -0.3% -0.8% 18 0.5% 30300 -0.2% -12500 3.9% 227400
Rhode Island 3.5% -0.2% -0.4% -2.5% 23 1.4% 7100 0.9% 4600 3.3% 16300
South Carolina 3.4% 0.0% 0.1% -2.2% 29 1.5% 33200 0.1% 1100 11.8% 230300
South Dakota 2.9% 0.1% -0.1% 0.2% 44 2.1% 9300 0.4% 2000 9.7% 39700
Tennessee 3.5% 0.3% 0.0% -1.9% 24 1.8% 55100 0.6% 18200 11.0% 310000
Texas 3.4% -0.3% -0.4% -0.9% 30 2.6% 323300 0.9% 114100 21.5% 2277100
Utah 2.8% -0.1% -0.3% -0.1% 47 3.1% 47400 1.0% 15400 23.8% 300900
Vermont 2.1% -0.1% -0.6% -2.1% 51 0.9% 2800 0.2% 700 3.4% 10400
Virginia 2.9% 0.0% 0.0% -0.4% 45 0.6% 23000 -0.1% -4700 6.6% 251100
Washington 4.6% -0.1% 0.2% -0.1% 7 3.0% 102400 0.8% 28600 17.1% 512300
West Virginia 4.7% -0.2% -0.5% 0.1% 6 1.0% 7200 0.1% 1100 0.9% 6700
Wisconsin 3.0% 0.2% 0.0% -1.7% 40 0.5% 13600 0.1% 4100 3.7% 106700
Wyoming 3.6% 0.0% -0.5% 0.8% 22 1.7% 4800 0.3% 900 -1.6% -4700

Jobs refers to the total number of jobs, part-time or full-time, in nonfarm establishments.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics' Local Area Unemployment Statistics data

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When workers lose a job or cannot find work, they and their families lose wages and benefits, and the adverse effects may last a very long time as career trajectories are interrupted. When more workers are unemployed, it also depresses wage growth for those workers who have a job, since employers have little need to raise pay to attract or retain staff. Although the country remains on a positive trend of job growth and falling unemployment, many states still have rates of job growth that are leaving many unable to find work and paychecks falling behind. To ensure workers in every community have access to jobs and rising pay, policymakers should prioritize a full employment agenda.

Data come from the State and Regional Employment report, released monthly by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Explore the map to see how these indicators differ across the country and read EPI’s recent research analyzing jobs and unemployment.