Economic Indicators Jobs and unemployment

Every month, the Bureau of Labor Statistics releases a report on the employment situation for the previous month. Their release includes data on job growth, unemployment, and wage growth, which gives us a snapshot of the health of the economy and whether it’s working for ordinary Americans.

Key numbers • December 2018

3.9% National unemployment rate
312,000 Number of new jobs added in the last month
60.6% Share of prime working-age population with a job
3.2% Average nominal wage growth since this month last year

December 2018

Jobs report: December jobs report shows fiscal stimulus, even if badly designed, really does boost growth

This morning’s report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics shows that the economy finished the year off strong. Payroll employment growth was 312,000 and year-over-year nominal wage growth was 3.2 percent. The unemployment rate came in at 3.9 percent, rising 0.2 percentage points since November. However, this rise happened for the “right” reasons as more workers entered the labor force—the labor force participation rate ticked up 0.2 percentage points.

Today’s report gives us a chance to look back on the whole of 2018—and look toward the year ahead. Average monthly job creation has held remarkably steady for the past eight years, but it did tick up slightly in the last year, from 182,000 in 2017 to 220,000 in 2018. This increase shows the importance of fiscal stimulus, as 2018 saw increased government spending as well as the tax bill which, while inefficient and short-lived, still provided some stimulus.

That so many jobs are still being created with the unemployment rate at near historic lows casts doubt on the conventional wisdom that the economy has reached or passed full employment. Wage growth, meanwhile, continues to increase, providing some evidence that we are on the right track. Picking up steam in the final quarter, wage growth averaged 2.8 percent for the full year 2018, compared with an average of 2.5 percent for 2017.

However, policymakers and economists should watch for potential headwinds in the year ahead, including the prospect of tighter Fed policy, slower government spending, and the fading boost from the tax cuts. The government shutdown, now in its second week, could pose a threat as well if it’s allowed to continue.

To keep things in perspective: Wage growth has never taken this long to bounce back to its pre-recession trend. But after years of unnecessary economic weakness caused by austerity at all levels of government, we are starting to see some positive signs. Let’s hope that the economy stays on the road to full employment and that nothing knocks us off course.

Charting jobs and unemployment

Monthly change in payroll employment, 2000 – 2018

Change in employment
Jan-2000 218
Feb-2000 131
Mar-2000 467
Apr-2000 293
May-2000 219
Jun-2000 -36
Jul-2000 173
Aug-2000 -15
Sep-2000 144
Oct-2000 -15
Nov-2000 222
Dec-2000 137
Jan-2001 -25
Feb-2001 74
Mar-2001 -28
Apr-2001 -279
May-2001 -41
Jun-2001 -121
Jul-2001 -108
Aug-2001 -146
Sep-2001 -250
Oct-2001 -328
Nov-2001 -297
Dec-2001 -177
Jan-2002 -149
Feb-2002 -128
Mar-2002 -17
Apr-2002 -83
May-2002 17
Jun-2002 51
Jul-2002 -77
Aug-2002 -7
Sep-2002 -67
Oct-2002 113
Nov-2002 6
Dec-2002 -170
Jan-2003 107
Feb-2003 -146
Mar-2003 -208
Apr-2003 -49
May-2003 11
Jun-2003 -7
Jul-2003 19
Aug-2003 -46
Sep-2003 110
Oct-2003 205
Nov-2003 3
Dec-2003 121
Jan-2004 167
Feb-2004 58
Mar-2004 328
Apr-2004 254
May-2004 297
Jun-2004 82
Jul-2004 45
Aug-2004 116
Sep-2004 157
Oct-2004 348
Nov-2004 63
Dec-2004 126
Jan-2005 147
Feb-2005 244
Mar-2005 138
Apr-2005 358
May-2005 172
Jun-2005 247
Jul-2005 371
Aug-2005 196
Sep-2005 66
Oct-2005 86
Nov-2005 337
Dec-2005 155
Jan-2006 282
Feb-2006 312
Mar-2006 297
Apr-2006 168
May-2006 31
Jun-2006 79
Jul-2006 206
Aug-2006 179
Sep-2006 148
Oct-2006 12
Nov-2006 208
Dec-2006 173
Jan-2007 234
Feb-2007 85
Mar-2007 214
Apr-2007 59
May-2007 153
Jun-2007 77
Jul-2007 -30
Aug-2007 -28
Sep-2007 96
Oct-2007 78
Nov-2007 106
Dec-2007 104
Jan-2008 8
Feb-2008 -81
Mar-2008 -55
Apr-2008 -229
May-2008 -184
Jun-2008 -154
Jul-2008 -213
Aug-2008 -277
Sep-2008 -443
Oct-2008 -475
Nov-2008 -759
Dec-2008 -707
Jan-2009 -787
Feb-2009 -704
Mar-2009 -802
Apr-2009 -704
May-2009 -354
Jun-2009 -469
Jul-2009 -342
Aug-2009 -196
Sep-2009 -229
Oct-2009 -209
Nov-2009 12
Dec-2009 -277
Jan-2010 18
Feb-2010 -73
Mar-2010 193
Apr-2010 221
May-2010 522
Jun-2010 -140
Jul-2010 -78
Aug-2010 -16
Sep-2010 -63
Oct-2010 267
Nov-2010 129
Dec-2010 73
Jan-2011 44
Feb-2011 182
Mar-2011 254
Apr-2011 323
May-2011 81
Jun-2011 234
Jul-2011 72
Aug-2011 112
Sep-2011 233
Oct-2011 209
Nov-2011 145
Dec-2011 201
Jan-2012 348
Feb-2012 233
Mar-2012 264
Apr-2012 72
May-2012 117
Jun-2012 68
Jul-2012 156
Aug-2012 173
Sep-2012 194
Oct-2012 153
Nov-2012 130
Dec-2012 243
Jan-2013 207
Feb-2013 265
Mar-2013 156
Apr-2013 179
May-2013 240
Jun-2013 158
Jul-2013 111
Aug-2013 260
Sep-2013 201
Oct-2013 210
Nov-2013 221
Dec-2013 93
Jan-2014 174
Feb-2014 182
Mar-2014 261
Apr-2014 311
May-2014 252
Jun-2014 306
Jul-2014 196
Aug-2014 226
Sep-2014 284
Oct-2014 255
Nov-2014 307
Dec-2014 251
Jan-2015 211
Feb-2015 267
Mar-2015 78
Apr-2015 282
May-2015 326
Jun-2015 191
Jul-2015 256
Aug-2015 164
Sep-2015 88
Oct-2015 351
Nov-2015 264
Dec-2015 234
Jan-2016 103
Feb-2016 257
Mar-2016 235
Apr-2016 174
May-2016 34
Jun-2016 285
Jul-2016 325
Aug-2016 175
Sep-2016 264
Oct-2016 140
Nov-2016 172
Dec-2016 180
Jan-2017 259
Feb-2017 200
Mar-2017 73
Apr-2017 175
May-2017 155
Jun-2017 239
Jul-2017 190
Aug-2017 221
Sep-2017 14
Oct-2017 271
Nov-2017 216
Dec-2017 175
Jan-2018 176
Feb-2018 324
Mar-2018 155
Apr-2018 175
May-2018 268
Jun-2018 208
Jul-2018 165
Aug-2018 286
Sep-2018 119
Oct-2018 274
Nov-2018 176
Dec-2018 312
ChartData Download data

The data below can be saved or copied directly into Excel.

Note: Shaded areas denote recessions.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics' Current Employment Statistics public data series

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Nominal wage growth has been far below target in the recovery: Year-over-year change in private-sector nominal average hourly earnings, 2007–2018

Date All nonfarm employees Production/nonsupervisory workers
Mar-2007 3.44% 4.11%
Apr-2007 3.13% 3.85%
May-2007 3.53% 4.14%
Jun-2007 3.61% 4.19%
Jul-2007 3.25% 4.05%
Aug-2007 3.35% 3.98%
Sep-2007 3.09% 4.15%
Oct-2007 3.03% 3.78%
Nov-2007 3.07% 3.83%
Dec-2007 2.92% 3.75%
Jan-2008 2.91% 3.80%
Feb-2008 2.85% 3.79%
Mar-2008 3.04% 3.83%
Apr-2008 2.89% 3.70%
May-2008 3.07% 3.69%
Jun-2008 2.67% 3.56%
Jul-2008 3.05% 3.67%
Aug-2008 3.33% 3.89%
Sep-2008 3.28% 3.64%
Oct-2008 3.32% 3.81%
Nov-2008 3.50% 3.91%
Dec-2008 3.59% 3.90%
Jan-2009 3.58% 3.72%
Feb-2009 3.43% 3.65%
Mar-2009 3.28% 3.47%
Apr-2009 3.37% 3.35%
May-2009 2.93% 3.06%
Jun-2009 2.88% 2.88%
Jul-2009 2.69% 2.76%
Aug-2009 2.44% 2.64%
Sep-2009 2.44% 2.75%
Oct-2009 2.53% 2.68%
Nov-2009 2.15% 2.67%
Dec-2009 1.96% 2.50%
Jan-2010 2.09% 2.66%
Feb-2010 2.09% 2.55%
Mar-2010 1.81% 2.27%
Apr-2010 1.81% 2.38%
May-2010 1.90% 2.59%
Jun-2010 1.76% 2.53%
Jul-2010 1.85% 2.42%
Aug-2010 1.75% 2.36%
Sep-2010 1.84% 2.19%
Oct-2010 1.93% 2.45%
Nov-2010 1.79% 2.13%
Dec-2010 1.79% 2.02%
Jan-2011 1.96% 2.28%
Feb-2011 1.83% 2.11%
Mar-2011 1.83% 2.06%
Apr-2011 1.87% 2.11%
May-2011 2.04% 2.10%
Jun-2011 2.13% 2.05%
Jul-2011 2.30% 2.26%
Aug-2011 1.95% 1.99%
Sep-2011 1.94% 1.99%
Oct-2011 2.07% 1.88%
Nov-2011 1.98% 1.82%
Dec-2011 2.02% 1.77%
Jan-2012 1.75% 1.35%
Feb-2012 1.79% 1.45%
Mar-2012 2.14% 1.76%
Apr-2012 2.09% 1.70%
May-2012 1.74% 1.39%
Jun-2012 1.96% 1.54%
Jul-2012 1.69% 1.39%
Aug-2012 1.86% 1.33%
Sep-2012 1.99% 1.54%
Oct-2012 1.51% 1.18%
Nov-2012 1.94% 1.48%
Dec-2012 2.11% 1.69%
Jan-2013 2.11% 1.89%
Feb-2013 2.19% 1.99%
Mar-2013 1.93% 1.88%
Apr-2013 2.01% 1.78%
May-2013 2.14% 1.93%
Jun-2013 2.13% 1.98%
Jul-2013 2.09% 2.03%
Aug-2013 2.26% 2.23%
Sep-2013 2.04% 2.12%
Oct-2013 2.25% 2.37%
Nov-2013 2.20% 2.32%
Dec-2013 1.90% 2.26%
Jan-2014 1.98% 2.21%
Feb-2014 2.23% 2.55%
Mar-2014 2.06% 2.30%
Apr-2014 1.97% 2.40%
May-2014 2.13% 2.44%
Jun-2014 2.05% 2.34%
Jul-2014 2.08% 2.33%
Aug-2014 2.21% 2.43%
Sep-2014 2.16% 2.33%
Oct-2014 2.03% 2.22%
Nov-2014 2.03% 2.26%
Dec-2014 1.99% 1.92%
Jan-2015 2.19% 2.06%
Feb-2015 1.93% 1.66%
Mar-2015 2.22% 1.95%
Apr-2015 2.22% 1.95%
May-2015 2.34% 2.14%
Jun-2015 2.17% 2.09%
Jul-2015 2.12% 1.99%
Aug-2015 2.24% 2.08%
Sep-2015 2.24% 2.03%
Oct-2015 2.52% 2.37%
Nov-2015 2.43% 2.12%
Dec-2015 2.56% 2.51%
Jan-2016 2.55% 2.40%
Feb-2016 2.38% 2.40%
Mar-2016 2.50% 2.54%
Apr-2016 2.61% 2.58%
May-2016 2.44% 2.33%
Jun-2016 2.56% 2.43%
Jul-2016 2.76% 2.62%
Aug-2016 2.47% 2.42%
Sep-2016 2.63% 2.56%
Oct-2016 2.70% 2.36%
Nov-2016 2.57% 2.40%
Dec-2016 2.65% 2.49%
Jan-2017 2.40% 2.35%
Feb-2017 2.72% 2.39%
Mar-2017 2.55% 2.24%
Apr-2017 2.51% 2.24%
May-2017 2.46% 2.33%
Jun-2017 2.50% 2.32%
Jul-2017 2.49% 2.22%
Aug-2017 2.60% 2.31%
Sep-2017 2.83% 2.59%
Oct-2017 2.28% 2.21%
Nov-2017 2.47% 2.35%
Dec-2017 2.66% 2.43%
Jan-2018 2.77% 2.43%
Feb-2018 2.57% 2.47%
Mar-2018 2.64% 2.60%
Apr-2018 2.64% 2.64%
May-2018 2.79% 2.73%
Jun-2018 2.78% 2.77%
Jul-2018 2.77% 2.77%
Aug-2018 2.96% 2.94%
Sep-2018 2.79% 2.79%
Oct-2018 3.17% 3.16%
Nov-2018 3.13% 3.28%
Dec-2018 3.15% 3.32%

 

ChartData Download data

The data below can be saved or copied directly into Excel.

*Nominal wage growth consistent with the Federal Reserve Board's 2 percent inflation target, 1.5 percent productivity growth, and a stable labor share of income.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics Current Employment Statistics public data series

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Employment-to-population ratio of workers ages 25-54, 1989–2018

date Employment to population ratio
Jan-1989 80%
Feb-1989 79.9
Mar-1989 79.9
Apr-1989 79.8
May-1989 79.8
Jun-1989 79.8
Jul-1989 79.8
Aug-1989 79.9
Sep-1989 80
Oct-1989 79.9
Nov-1989 80.2
Dec-1989 80.1
Jan-1990 80.2
Feb-1990 80.2
Mar-1990 80.1
Apr-1990 79.9
May-1990 79.9
Jun-1990 79.8
Jul-1990 79.6
Aug-1990 79.5
Sep-1990 79.4
Oct-1990 79.4
Nov-1990 79.2
Dec-1990 79
Jan-1991 78.9
Feb-1991 78.9
Mar-1991 78.7
Apr-1991 79
May-1991 78.6
Jun-1991 78.7
Jul-1991 78.6
Aug-1991 78.5
Sep-1991 78.6
Oct-1991 78.5
Nov-1991 78.4
Dec-1991 78.3
Jan-1992 78.4
Feb-1992 78.2
Mar-1992 78.2
Apr-1992 78.4
May-1992 78.4
Jun-1992 78.5
Jul-1992 78.4
Aug-1992 78.4
Sep-1992 78.3
Oct-1992 78.2
Nov-1992 78.2
Dec-1992 78.2
Jan-1993 78.2
Feb-1993 78.1
Mar-1993 78.2
Apr-1993 78.2
May-1993 78.5
Jun-1993 78.6
Jul-1993 78.6
Aug-1993 78.8
Sep-1993 78.6
Oct-1993 78.7
Nov-1993 79
Dec-1993 79
Jan-1994 78.9
Feb-1994 78.9
Mar-1994 78.9
Apr-1994 79
May-1994 79.2
Jun-1994 78.8
Jul-1994 79.1
Aug-1994 79.2
Sep-1994 79.6
Oct-1994 79.6
Nov-1994 79.8
Dec-1994 79.8
Jan-1995 79.7
Feb-1995 80
Mar-1995 79.9
Apr-1995 79.8
May-1995 79.7
Jun-1995 79.5
Jul-1995 79.7
Aug-1995 79.6
Sep-1995 79.8
Oct-1995 79.8
Nov-1995 79.7
Dec-1995 79.7
Jan-1996 79.8
Feb-1996 79.9
Mar-1996 79.9
Apr-1996 79.9
May-1996 80
Jun-1996 80.1
Jul-1996 80.4
Aug-1996 80.5
Sep-1996 80.4
Oct-1996 80.6
Nov-1996 80.5
Dec-1996 80.5
Jan-1997 80.5
Feb-1997 80.4
Mar-1997 80.6
Apr-1997 80.7
May-1997 80.6
Jun-1997 80.9
Jul-1997 81.1
Aug-1997 81.3
Sep-1997 81.1
Oct-1997 81.1
Nov-1997 81
Dec-1997 81
Jan-1998 81
Feb-1998 81
Mar-1998 81
Apr-1998 81.1
May-1998 81
Jun-1998 81
Jul-1998 81.1
Aug-1998 81.2
Sep-1998 81.3
Oct-1998 81.1
Nov-1998 81.2
Dec-1998 81.3
Jan-1999 81.8
Feb-1999 81.5
Mar-1999 81.3
Apr-1999 81.3
May-1999 81.4
Jun-1999 81.4
Jul-1999 81.2
Aug-1999 81.3
Sep-1999 81.3
Oct-1999 81.5
Nov-1999 81.6
Dec-1999 81.5
Jan-2000 81.8
Feb-2000 81.8
Mar-2000 81.7
Apr-2000 81.9 
May-2000 81.5
Jun-2000 81.5
Jul-2000 81.3
Aug-2000 81.1
Sep-2000 81.1
Oct-2000 81.1
Nov-2000 81.3
Dec-2000 81.4
Jan-2001 81.4
Feb-2001 81.3
Mar-2001 81.3
Apr-2001 80.9
May-2001 80.8
Jun-2001 80.6
Jul-2001 80.5
Aug-2001 80.2
Sep-2001 80.2
Oct-2001 79.9
Nov-2001 79.7
Dec-2001 79.8
Jan-2002 79.6
Feb-2002 79.8
Mar-2002 79.6
Apr-2002 79.5
May-2002 79.4
Jun-2002 79.2
Jul-2002 79.1
Aug-2002 79.3
Sep-2002 79.4
Oct-2002 79.2
Nov-2002 78.8
Dec-2002 79
Jan-2003 78.9
Feb-2003 78.9
Mar-2003 79
Apr-2003 79.1
May-2003 78.9
Jun-2003 78.9
Jul-2003 78.8
Aug-2003 78.7
Sep-2003 78.6 
Oct-2003 78.6
Nov-2003 78.7
Dec-2003 78.8
Jan-2004 78.9
Feb-2004 78.8
Mar-2004 78.7
Apr-2004 78.9
May-2004 79
Jun-2004 79.1
Jul-2004 79.2
Aug-2004 79
Sep-2004 79
Oct-2004 79
Nov-2004 79.1
Dec-2004 78.9
Jan-2005 79.2
Feb-2005 79.2
Mar-2005 79.2
Apr-2005 79.4
May-2005 79.5
Jun-2005 79.2
Jul-2005 79.4
Aug-2005 79.6
Sep-2005 79.4
Oct-2005 79.3
Nov-2005 79.2
Dec-2005 79.3
Jan-2006 79.6
Feb-2006 79.7
Mar-2006 79.8
Apr-2006 79.6
May-2006 79.7
Jun-2006 79.8
Jul-2006 79.8
Aug-2006 79.8
Sep-2006 79.9
Oct-2006 80.1
Nov-2006 80
Dec-2006 80.1
Jan-2007 80.3 
Feb-2007 80.1
Mar-2007 80.2
Apr-2007 80
May-2007 80
Jun-2007 79.9
Jul-2007 79.8
Aug-2007 79.8
Sep-2007 79.7
Oct-2007 79.6
Nov-2007 79.7
Dec-2007 79.7
Jan-2008 80
Feb-2008 79.9
Mar-2008 79.8
Apr-2008 79.6
May-2008 79.5
Jun-2008 79.4
Jul-2008 79.2
Aug-2008 78.8
Sep-2008 78.8
Oct-2008 78.4
Nov-2008 78.1
Dec-2008 77.6
Jan-2009 77
Feb-2009 76.7
Mar-2009 76.2
Apr-2009 76.2
May-2009 75.9
Jun-2009 75.9
Jul-2009 75.8
Aug-2009 75.6
Sep-2009 75.1
Oct-2009 75
Nov-2009 75.2
Dec-2009 74.8 
Jan-2010 75.1
Feb-2010 75.1
Mar-2010 75.1
Apr-2010 75.4
May-2010 75.1
Jun-2010 75.2
Jul-2010 75.1
Aug-2010 75
Sep-2010 75.1
Oct-2010 75
Nov-2010 74.8 
Dec-2010 75
Jan-2011 75.2
Feb-2011 75.1
Mar-2011 75.3
Apr-2011 75.1
May-2011 75.2
Jun-2011 75
Jul-2011 75
Aug-2011 75.1
Sep-2011 74.9
Oct-2011 74.9
Nov-2011 75.3
Dec-2011 75.4
Jan-2012 75.5
Feb-2012 75.5
Mar-2012 75.7
Apr-2012 75.7
May-2012 75.7
Jun-2012 75.6
Jul-2012 75.6
Aug-2012 75.7
Sep-2012 76
Oct-2012 76.1
Nov-2012 75.8
Dec-2012 76
Jan-2013 75.6
Feb-2013 75.8
Mar-2013 75.8
Apr-2013 75.8
May-2013 76
Jun-2013 75.9
Jul-2013 76
Aug-2013 76
Sep-2013 76
Oct-2013 75.6
Nov-2013 76.1
Dec-2013 76.1
Jan-2014 76.4
Feb-2014 76.4
Mar-2014 76.5
Apr-2014 76.5
May-2014 76.4
Jun-2014 76.9
Jul-2014 76.7
Aug-2014 76.9
Sep-2014 76.8
Oct-2014 76.9
Nov-2014 76.9
Dec-2014 77.1
Jan-2015 77.1
Feb-2015 77.2
Mar-2015 77.1
Apr-2015 77.2
May-2015 77.2
Jun-2015 77.4
Jul-2015 77.1
Aug-2015 77.3
Sep-2015 77.2
Oct-2015 77.3
Nov-2015 77.4
Dec-2015 77.4
Jan-2016 77.7
Feb-2016 77.8
Mar-2016 77.9
Apr-2016 77.7
May-2016 77.8
Jun-2016 77.9
Jul-2016 77.9
Aug-2016 77.9
Sep-2016 78
Oct-2016 78.2
Nov-2016 78.1
Dec-2016 78.1
Jan-2017 78.2
Feb-2017 78.3
Mar-2017 78.5
Apr-2017 78.6
May-2017 78.4
Jun-2017 78.6
Jul-2017 78.6
Aug-2017 78.5
Sep-2017 78.9
Oct-2017 78.9
Nov-2017 79
Dec-2017 79.1
Jan-2018 79
Feb-2018 79.3
Mar-2018 79.2
Apr-2018 79.2
May-2018 79.2
Jun-2018 79.3
Jul-2018 79.5
Aug-2018 79.4
Sep-2018 79.3
Oct-2018 79.7
Nov-2018 79.7
Dec-2018 79.7 
ChartData Download data

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Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics' Current Population Survey public data

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Unemployment rate, 1948–2018

date Unemployment Rate
Jan-1948 3.4%
Feb-1948 3.8
Mar-1948 4
Apr-1948 3.9
May-1948 3.5
Jun-1948 3.6
Jul-1948 3.6
Aug-1948 3.9
Sep-1948 3.8
Oct-1948 3.7
Nov-1948 3.8
Dec-1948 4
Jan-1949 4.3
Feb-1949 4.7
Mar-1949 5
Apr-1949 5.3
May-1949 6.1
Jun-1949 6.2
Jul-1949 6.7
Aug-1949 6.8
Sep-1949 6.6
Oct-1949 7.9
Nov-1949 6.4
Dec-1949 6.6
Jan-1950 6.5
Feb-1950 6.4
Mar-1950 6.3
Apr-1950 5.8
May-1950 5.5
Jun-1950 5.4
Jul-1950 5
Aug-1950 4.5
Sep-1950 4.4
Oct-1950 4.2
Nov-1950 4.2
Dec-1950 4.3
Jan-1951 3.7
Feb-1951 3.4
Mar-1951 3.4
Apr-1951 3.1
May-1951 3
Jun-1951 3.2
Jul-1951 3.1
Aug-1951 3.1
Sep-1951 3.3
Oct-1951 3.5
Nov-1951 3.5
Dec-1951 3.1
Jan-1952 3.2
Feb-1952 3.1
Mar-1952 2.9
Apr-1952 2.9
May-1952 3
Jun-1952 3
Jul-1952 3.2
Aug-1952 3.4
Sep-1952 3.1
Oct-1952 3
Nov-1952 2.8
Dec-1952 2.7
Jan-1953 2.9
Feb-1953 2.6
Mar-1953 2.6
Apr-1953 2.7
May-1953 2.5
Jun-1953 2.5
Jul-1953 2.6
Aug-1953 2.7
Sep-1953 2.9
Oct-1953 3.1
Nov-1953 3.5
Dec-1953 4.5
Jan-1954 4.9
Feb-1954 5.2
Mar-1954 5.7
Apr-1954 5.9
May-1954 5.9
Jun-1954 5.6
Jul-1954 5.8
Aug-1954 6
Sep-1954 6.1
Oct-1954 5.7
Nov-1954 5.3
Dec-1954 5
Jan-1955 4.9
Feb-1955 4.7
Mar-1955 4.6
Apr-1955 4.7
May-1955 4.3
Jun-1955 4.2
Jul-1955 4
Aug-1955 4.2
Sep-1955 4.1
Oct-1955 4.3
Nov-1955 4.2
Dec-1955 4.2
Jan-1956 4
Feb-1956 3.9
Mar-1956 4.2
Apr-1956 4
May-1956 4.3
Jun-1956 4.3
Jul-1956 4.4
Aug-1956 4.1
Sep-1956 3.9
Oct-1956 3.9
Nov-1956 4.3
Dec-1956 4.2
Jan-1957 4.2
Feb-1957 3.9
Mar-1957 3.7
Apr-1957 3.9
May-1957 4.1
Jun-1957 4.3
Jul-1957 4.2
Aug-1957 4.1
Sep-1957 4.4
Oct-1957 4.5
Nov-1957 5.1
Dec-1957 5.2
Jan-1958 5.8
Feb-1958 6.4
Mar-1958 6.7
Apr-1958 7.4
May-1958 7.4
Jun-1958 7.3
Jul-1958 7.5
Aug-1958 7.4
Sep-1958 7.1
Oct-1958 6.7
Nov-1958 6.2
Dec-1958 6.2
Jan-1959 6
Feb-1959 5.9
Mar-1959 5.6
Apr-1959 5.2
May-1959 5.1
Jun-1959 5
Jul-1959 5.1
Aug-1959 5.2
Sep-1959 5.5
Oct-1959 5.7
Nov-1959 5.8
Dec-1959 5.3
Jan-1960 5.2
Feb-1960 4.8
Mar-1960 5.4
Apr-1960 5.2
May-1960 5.1
Jun-1960 5.4
Jul-1960 5.5
Aug-1960 5.6
Sep-1960 5.5
Oct-1960 6.1
Nov-1960 6.1
Dec-1960 6.6
Jan-1961 6.6
Feb-1961 6.9
Mar-1961 6.9
Apr-1961 7
May-1961 7.1
Jun-1961 6.9
Jul-1961 7
Aug-1961 6.6
Sep-1961 6.7
Oct-1961 6.5
Nov-1961 6.1
Dec-1961 6
Jan-1962 5.8
Feb-1962 5.5
Mar-1962 5.6
Apr-1962 5.6
May-1962 5.5
Jun-1962 5.5
Jul-1962 5.4
Aug-1962 5.7
Sep-1962 5.6
Oct-1962 5.4
Nov-1962 5.7
Dec-1962 5.5
Jan-1963 5.7
Feb-1963 5.9
Mar-1963 5.7
Apr-1963 5.7
May-1963 5.9
Jun-1963 5.6
Jul-1963 5.6
Aug-1963 5.4
Sep-1963 5.5
Oct-1963 5.5
Nov-1963 5.7
Dec-1963 5.5
Jan-1964 5.6
Feb-1964 5.4
Mar-1964 5.4
Apr-1964 5.3
May-1964 5.1
Jun-1964 5.2
Jul-1964 4.9
Aug-1964 5
Sep-1964 5.1
Oct-1964 5.1
Nov-1964 4.8
Dec-1964 5
Jan-1965 4.9
Feb-1965 5.1
Mar-1965 4.7
Apr-1965 4.8
May-1965 4.6
Jun-1965 4.6
Jul-1965 4.4
Aug-1965 4.4
Sep-1965 4.3
Oct-1965 4.2
Nov-1965 4.1
Dec-1965 4
Jan-1966 4
Feb-1966 3.8
Mar-1966 3.8
Apr-1966 3.8
May-1966 3.9
Jun-1966 3.8
Jul-1966 3.8
Aug-1966 3.8
Sep-1966 3.7
Oct-1966 3.7
Nov-1966 3.6
Dec-1966 3.8
Jan-1967 3.9
Feb-1967 3.8
Mar-1967 3.8
Apr-1967 3.8
May-1967 3.8
Jun-1967 3.9
Jul-1967 3.8
Aug-1967 3.8
Sep-1967 3.8
Oct-1967 4
Nov-1967 3.9
Dec-1967 3.8
Jan-1968 3.7
Feb-1968 3.8
Mar-1968 3.7
Apr-1968 3.5
May-1968 3.5
Jun-1968 3.7
Jul-1968 3.7
Aug-1968 3.5
Sep-1968 3.4
Oct-1968 3.4
Nov-1968 3.4
Dec-1968 3.4
Jan-1969 3.4
Feb-1969 3.4
Mar-1969 3.4
Apr-1969 3.4
May-1969 3.4
Jun-1969 3.5
Jul-1969 3.5
Aug-1969 3.5
Sep-1969 3.7
Oct-1969 3.7
Nov-1969 3.5
Dec-1969 3.5
Jan-1970 3.9
Feb-1970 4.2
Mar-1970 4.4
Apr-1970 4.6
May-1970 4.8
Jun-1970 4.9
Jul-1970 5
Aug-1970 5.1
Sep-1970 5.4
Oct-1970 5.5
Nov-1970 5.9
Dec-1970 6.1
Jan-1971 5.9
Feb-1971 5.9
Mar-1971 6
Apr-1971 5.9
May-1971 5.9
Jun-1971 5.9
Jul-1971 6
Aug-1971 6.1
Sep-1971 6
Oct-1971 5.8
Nov-1971 6
Dec-1971 6
Jan-1972 5.8
Feb-1972 5.7
Mar-1972 5.8
Apr-1972 5.7
May-1972 5.7
Jun-1972 5.7
Jul-1972 5.6
Aug-1972 5.6
Sep-1972 5.5
Oct-1972 5.6
Nov-1972 5.3
Dec-1972 5.2
Jan-1973 4.9
Feb-1973 5
Mar-1973 4.9
Apr-1973 5
May-1973 4.9
Jun-1973 4.9
Jul-1973 4.8
Aug-1973 4.8
Sep-1973 4.8
Oct-1973 4.6
Nov-1973 4.8
Dec-1973 4.9
Jan-1974 5.1
Feb-1974 5.2
Mar-1974 5.1
Apr-1974 5.1
May-1974 5.1
Jun-1974 5.4
Jul-1974 5.5
Aug-1974 5.5
Sep-1974 5.9
Oct-1974 6
Nov-1974 6.6
Dec-1974 7.2
Jan-1975 8.1
Feb-1975 8.1
Mar-1975 8.6
Apr-1975 8.8
May-1975 9
Jun-1975 8.8
Jul-1975 8.6
Aug-1975 8.4
Sep-1975 8.4
Oct-1975 8.4
Nov-1975 8.3
Dec-1975 8.2
Jan-1976 7.9
Feb-1976 7.7
Mar-1976 7.6
Apr-1976 7.7
May-1976 7.4
Jun-1976 7.6
Jul-1976 7.8
Aug-1976 7.8
Sep-1976 7.6
Oct-1976 7.7
Nov-1976 7.8
Dec-1976 7.8
Jan-1977 7.5
Feb-1977 7.6
Mar-1977 7.4
Apr-1977 7.2
May-1977 7
Jun-1977 7.2
Jul-1977 6.9
Aug-1977 7
Sep-1977 6.8
Oct-1977 6.8
Nov-1977 6.8
Dec-1977 6.4
Jan-1978 6.4
Feb-1978 6.3
Mar-1978 6.3
Apr-1978 6.1
May-1978 6
Jun-1978 5.9
Jul-1978 6.2
Aug-1978 5.9
Sep-1978 6
Oct-1978 5.8
Nov-1978 5.9
Dec-1978 6
Jan-1979 5.9
Feb-1979 5.9
Mar-1979 5.8
Apr-1979 5.8
May-1979 5.6
Jun-1979 5.7
Jul-1979 5.7
Aug-1979 6
Sep-1979 5.9
Oct-1979 6
Nov-1979 5.9
Dec-1979 6
Jan-1980 6.3
Feb-1980 6.3
Mar-1980 6.3
Apr-1980 6.9
May-1980 7.5
Jun-1980 7.6
Jul-1980 7.8
Aug-1980 7.7
Sep-1980 7.5
Oct-1980 7.5
Nov-1980 7.5
Dec-1980 7.2
Jan-1981 7.5
Feb-1981 7.4
Mar-1981 7.4
Apr-1981 7.2
May-1981 7.5
Jun-1981 7.5
Jul-1981 7.2
Aug-1981 7.4
Sep-1981 7.6
Oct-1981 7.9
Nov-1981 8.3
Dec-1981 8.5
Jan-1982 8.6
Feb-1982 8.9
Mar-1982 9
Apr-1982 9.3
May-1982 9.4
Jun-1982 9.6
Jul-1982 9.8
Aug-1982 9.8
Sep-1982 10.1
Oct-1982 10.4
Nov-1982 10.8
Dec-1982 10.8
Jan-1983 10.4
Feb-1983 10.4
Mar-1983 10.3
Apr-1983 10.2
May-1983 10.1
Jun-1983 10.1
Jul-1983 9.4
Aug-1983 9.5
Sep-1983 9.2
Oct-1983 8.8
Nov-1983 8.5
Dec-1983 8.3
Jan-1984 8
Feb-1984 7.8
Mar-1984 7.8
Apr-1984 7.7
May-1984 7.4
Jun-1984 7.2
Jul-1984 7.5
Aug-1984 7.5
Sep-1984 7.3
Oct-1984 7.4
Nov-1984 7.2
Dec-1984 7.3
Jan-1985 7.3
Feb-1985 7.2
Mar-1985 7.2
Apr-1985 7.3
May-1985 7.2
Jun-1985 7.4
Jul-1985 7.4
Aug-1985 7.1
Sep-1985 7.1
Oct-1985 7.1
Nov-1985 7
Dec-1985 7
Jan-1986 6.7
Feb-1986 7.2
Mar-1986 7.2
Apr-1986 7.1
May-1986 7.2
Jun-1986 7.2
Jul-1986 7
Aug-1986 6.9
Sep-1986 7
Oct-1986 7
Nov-1986 6.9
Dec-1986 6.6
Jan-1987 6.6
Feb-1987 6.6
Mar-1987 6.6
Apr-1987 6.3
May-1987 6.3
Jun-1987 6.2
Jul-1987 6.1
Aug-1987 6
Sep-1987 5.9
Oct-1987 6
Nov-1987 5.8
Dec-1987 5.7
Jan-1988 5.7
Feb-1988 5.7
Mar-1988 5.7
Apr-1988 5.4
May-1988 5.6
Jun-1988 5.4
Jul-1988 5.4
Aug-1988 5.6
Sep-1988 5.4
Oct-1988 5.4
Nov-1988 5.3
Dec-1988 5.3
Jan-1989 5.4
Feb-1989 5.2
Mar-1989 5
Apr-1989 5.2
May-1989 5.2
Jun-1989 5.3
Jul-1989 5.2
Aug-1989 5.2
Sep-1989 5.3
Oct-1989 5.3
Nov-1989 5.4
Dec-1989 5.4
Jan-1990 5.4
Feb-1990 5.3
Mar-1990 5.2
Apr-1990 5.4
May-1990 5.4
Jun-1990 5.2
Jul-1990 5.5
Aug-1990 5.7
Sep-1990 5.9
Oct-1990 5.9
Nov-1990 6.2
Dec-1990 6.3
Jan-1991 6.4
Feb-1991 6.6
Mar-1991 6.8
Apr-1991 6.7
May-1991 6.9
Jun-1991 6.9
Jul-1991 6.8
Aug-1991 6.9
Sep-1991 6.9
Oct-1991 7
Nov-1991 7
Dec-1991 7.3
Jan-1992 7.3
Feb-1992 7.4
Mar-1992 7.4
Apr-1992 7.4
May-1992 7.6
Jun-1992 7.8
Jul-1992 7.7
Aug-1992 7.6
Sep-1992 7.6
Oct-1992 7.3
Nov-1992 7.4
Dec-1992 7.4
Jan-1993 7.3
Feb-1993 7.1
Mar-1993 7
Apr-1993 7.1
May-1993 7.1
Jun-1993 7
Jul-1993 6.9
Aug-1993 6.8
Sep-1993 6.7
Oct-1993 6.8
Nov-1993 6.6
Dec-1993 6.5
Jan-1994 6.6
Feb-1994 6.6
Mar-1994 6.5
Apr-1994 6.4
May-1994 6.1
Jun-1994 6.1
Jul-1994 6.1
Aug-1994 6
Sep-1994 5.9
Oct-1994 5.8
Nov-1994 5.6
Dec-1994 5.5
Jan-1995 5.6
Feb-1995 5.4
Mar-1995 5.4
Apr-1995 5.8
May-1995 5.6
Jun-1995 5.6
Jul-1995 5.7
Aug-1995 5.7
Sep-1995 5.6
Oct-1995 5.5
Nov-1995 5.6
Dec-1995 5.6
Jan-1996 5.6
Feb-1996 5.5
Mar-1996 5.5
Apr-1996 5.6
May-1996 5.6
Jun-1996 5.3
Jul-1996 5.5
Aug-1996 5.1
Sep-1996 5.2
Oct-1996 5.2
Nov-1996 5.4
Dec-1996 5.4
Jan-1997 5.3
Feb-1997 5.2
Mar-1997 5.2
Apr-1997 5.1
May-1997 4.9
Jun-1997 5
Jul-1997 4.9
Aug-1997 4.8
Sep-1997 4.9
Oct-1997 4.7
Nov-1997 4.6
Dec-1997 4.7
Jan-1998 4.6
Feb-1998 4.6
Mar-1998 4.7
Apr-1998 4.3
May-1998 4.4
Jun-1998 4.5
Jul-1998 4.5
Aug-1998 4.5
Sep-1998 4.6
Oct-1998 4.5
Nov-1998 4.4
Dec-1998 4.4
Jan-1999 4.3
Feb-1999 4.4
Mar-1999 4.2
Apr-1999 4.3
May-1999 4.2
Jun-1999 4.3
Jul-1999 4.3
Aug-1999 4.2
Sep-1999 4.2
Oct-1999 4.1
Nov-1999 4.1
Dec-1999 4
Jan-2000 4
Feb-2000 4.1
Mar-2000 4
Apr-2000 3.8
May-2000 4
Jun-2000 4
Jul-2000 4
Aug-2000 4.1
Sep-2000 3.9
Oct-2000 3.9
Nov-2000 3.9
Dec-2000 3.9
Jan-2001 4.2
Feb-2001 4.2
Mar-2001 4.3
Apr-2001 4.4
May-2001 4.3
Jun-2001 4.5
Jul-2001 4.6
Aug-2001 4.9
Sep-2001 5
Oct-2001 5.3
Nov-2001 5.5
Dec-2001 5.7
Jan-2002 5.7
Feb-2002 5.7
Mar-2002 5.7
Apr-2002 5.9
May-2002 5.8
Jun-2002 5.8
Jul-2002 5.8
Aug-2002 5.7
Sep-2002 5.7
Oct-2002 5.7
Nov-2002 5.9
Dec-2002 6
Jan-2003 5.8
Feb-2003 5.9
Mar-2003 5.9
Apr-2003 6
May-2003 6.1
Jun-2003 6.3
Jul-2003 6.2
Aug-2003 6.1
Sep-2003 6.1
Oct-2003 6
Nov-2003 5.8
Dec-2003 5.7
Jan-2004 5.7
Feb-2004 5.6
Mar-2004 5.8
Apr-2004 5.6
May-2004 5.6
Jun-2004 5.6
Jul-2004 5.5
Aug-2004 5.4
Sep-2004 5.4
Oct-2004 5.5
Nov-2004 5.4
Dec-2004 5.4
Jan-2005 5.3
Feb-2005 5.4
Mar-2005 5.2
Apr-2005 5.2
May-2005 5.1
Jun-2005 5
Jul-2005 5
Aug-2005 4.9
Sep-2005 5
Oct-2005 5
Nov-2005 5
Dec-2005 4.9
Jan-2006 4.7
Feb-2006 4.8
Mar-2006 4.7
Apr-2006 4.7
May-2006 4.6
Jun-2006 4.6
Jul-2006 4.7
Aug-2006 4.7
Sep-2006 4.5
Oct-2006 4.4
Nov-2006 4.5
Dec-2006 4.4
Jan-2007 4.6
Feb-2007 4.5
Mar-2007 4.4
Apr-2007 4.5
May-2007 4.4
Jun-2007 4.6
Jul-2007 4.7
Aug-2007 4.6
Sep-2007 4.7
Oct-2007 4.7
Nov-2007 4.7
Dec-2007 5
Jan-2008 5
Feb-2008 4.9
Mar-2008 5.1
Apr-2008 5
May-2008 5.4
Jun-2008 5.6
Jul-2008 5.8
Aug-2008 6.1
Sep-2008 6.1
Oct-2008 6.5
Nov-2008 6.8
Dec-2008 7.3
Jan-2009 7.8
Feb-2009 8.3
Mar-2009 8.7
Apr-2009 9
May-2009 9.4
Jun-2009 9.5
Jul-2009 9.5
Aug-2009 9.6
Sep-2009 9.8
Oct-2009 10
Nov-2009 9.9
Dec-2009 9.9
Jan-2010 9.8
Feb-2010 9.8
Mar-2010 9.9
Apr-2010 9.9
May-2010 9.6
Jun-2010 9.4
Jul-2010 9.4
Aug-2010 9.5
Sep-2010 9.5
Oct-2010 9.4
Nov-2010 9.8
Dec-2010 9.3
Jan-2011 9.1
Feb-2011 9
Mar-2011 9
Apr-2011 9.1
May-2011 9
Jun-2011 9.1
Jul-2011 9
Aug-2011 9
Sep-2011 9
Oct-2011 8.8
Nov-2011 8.6
Dec-2011 8.5
Jan-2012 8.3
Feb-2012 8.3
Mar-2012 8.2
Apr-2012 8.2
May-2012 8.2
Jun-2012 8.2
Jul-2012 8.2
Aug-2012 8.1
Sep-2012 7.8
Oct-2012 7.8
Nov-2012 7.7
Dec-2012 7.9
Jan-2013 8
Feb-2013 7.7
Mar-2013 7.5
Apr-2013 7.6
May-2013 7.5
Jun-2013 7.5
Jul-2013 7.3
Aug-2013 7.2
Sep-2013 7.2
Oct-2013 7.2
Nov-2013 6.9
Dec-2013 6.7
Jan-2014 6.6
Feb-2014 6.7
Mar-2014 6.7
Apr-2014 6.2
May-2014 6.3
Jun-2014 6.1
Jul-2014 6.2
Aug-2014 6.1
Sep-2014 5.9
Oct-2014 5.7
Nov-2014 5.8
Dec-2014 5.6
Jan-2015 5.7
Feb-2015 5.5
Mar-2015 5.4
Apr-2015 5.4
May-2015 5.6
Jun-2015 5.3
Jul-2015 5.2
Aug-2015 5.1
Sep-2015 5
Oct-2015 5
Nov-2015 5.1
Dec-2015 5
Jan-2016 4.9
Feb-2016 4.9
Mar-2016 5
Apr-2016 5
May-2016 4.8
Jun-2016 4.9
Jul-2016 4.8
Aug-2016 4.9
Sep-2016 5
Oct-2016 4.9
Nov-2016 4.7
Dec-2016 4.7
Jan-2017 4.7
Feb-2017 4.7
Mar-2017 4.4
Apr-2017 4.4
May-2017 4.4
Jun-2017 4.3
Jul-2017 4.3
Aug-2017 4.4
Sep-2017 4.2
Oct-2017 4.1
Nov-2017 4.2
Dec-2017 4.1
Jan-2018 4.1
Feb-2018 4.1
Mar-2018 4
Apr-2018 3.9
May-2018 3.8
Jun-2018 4
Jul-2018 3.9
Aug-2018 3.8
Sep-2018 3.7
Oct-2018 3.8
Nov-2018 3.7
Dec-2018 3.9
ChartData Download data

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Note: Shaded areas denote recessions.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics' Current Population Survey

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Unemployment rate of workers age 16 and older by race and ethnicity, 1995–2018

date White Black Hispanic
Jan-1995 4.8 10.3 10.2
Feb-1995 4.7 10.1 9
Mar-1995 4.7 9.7 8.9
Apr-1995 5 10.7 8.9
May-1995 5 10 9.8
Jun-1995 4.9 10.7 9.1
Jul-1995 4.9 10.9 8.8
Aug-1995 4.9 11.1 9.6
Sep-1995 4.9 11.1 9.1
Oct-1995 4.9 10 9.4
Nov-1995 5 9.7 9.5
Dec-1995 4.9 10.2 9.3
Jan-1996 4.9 10.6 9.4
Feb-1996 4.8 10 9.6
Mar-1996 4.8 10.6 9.6
Apr-1996 4.8 10.7 9.6
May-1996 4.9 10.2 9.6
Jun-1996 4.6 10.4 8.8
Jul-1996 4.7 10.6 8.8
Aug-1996 4.4 10.6 8.8
Sep-1996 4.5 10.6 8.2
Oct-1996 4.5 10.7 8
Nov-1996 4.6 10.6 8.5
Dec-1996 4.6 10.5 7.4
Jan-1997 4.5 10.8 8.4
Feb-1997 4.5 10.7 8.2
Mar-1997 4.4 10.5 8.3
Apr-1997 4.3 10.2 8.2
May-1997 4.1 10.3 7.7
Jun-1997 4.2 10.8 7.5
Jul-1997 4.2 9.5 7.9
Aug-1997 4.2 9.4 7.2
Sep-1997 4.2 9.5 7.4
Oct-1997 4.1 9.5 7.8
Nov-1997 3.9 9.5 7
Dec-1997 3.9 10 7.3
Jan-1998 4 9.4 7.1
Feb-1998 3.9 9.3 6.9
Mar-1998 4 9.2 6.9
Apr-1998 3.7 9.1 6.7
May-1998 3.8 8.9 6.9
Jun-1998 3.9 8.8 7.4
Jul-1998 3.8 9.5 7.3
Aug-1998 3.9 8.8 7.4
Sep-1998 3.9 9.1 7.3
Oct-1998 3.9 8.6 7.2
Nov-1998 3.8 8.6 7.1
Dec-1998 3.8 7.7 7.7
Jan-1999 3.8 7.8 6.7
Feb-1999 3.8 8.2 6.7
Mar-1999 3.6 8 5.8
Apr-1999 3.8 7.8 7
May-1999 3.7 7.4 6.7
Jun-1999 3.8 7.7 6.6
Jul-1999 3.7 8.7 6.5
Aug-1999 3.7 7.7 6.5
Sep-1999 3.6 8.5 6.7
Oct-1999 3.5 8.4 6.4
Nov-1999 3.5 8 6
Dec-1999 3.5 7.8 5.8
Jan-2000 3.4 8.2 5.6
Feb-2000 3.6 8.1 5.7
Mar-2000 3.5 7.4 6.1
Apr-2000 3.4 5.9% 5.5
May-2000 3.5 7.7 5.8
Jun-2000 3.4 7.8 5.6
Jul-2000 3.5 7.7 5.8
Aug-2000 3.6 7.9 5.9
Sep-2000 3.5 7.3 5.8
Oct-2000 3.3% 7.3 5.1
Nov-2000 3.5 7.3 6
Dec-2000 3.5 7.4 5.7
Jan-2001 3.6 8.2 5.8
Feb-2001 3.7 7.7 6.1
Mar-2001 3.7 8.3 6.2
Apr-2001 3.9 8 6.4
May-2001 3.8 7.9 6.3
Jun-2001 4 8.3 6.6
Jul-2001 4 8 6.2
Aug-2001 4.3 9.1 6.5
Sep-2001 4.3 8.9 6.7
Oct-2001 4.7 9.5 7.1
Nov-2001 4.9 9.8 7.3
Dec-2001 5.1 10.1 7.7
Jan-2002 5.1 10 7.8
Feb-2002 5 9.9 7
Mar-2002 5 10.5 7.5
Apr-2002 5.2 10.7 8
May-2002 5.1 10.2 7.1
Jun-2002 5.1 10.5 7.4
Jul-2002 5.2 9.8 7.4
Aug-2002 5.1 9.8 7.5
Sep-2002 5.1 9.7 7.4
Oct-2002 5.1 9.8 7.9
Nov-2002 5.1 10.7 7.8
Dec-2002 5.1 11.3 7.9
Jan-2003 5.2 10.5 7.9
Feb-2003 5.1 10.7 7.7
Mar-2003 5.1 10.3 7.8
Apr-2003 5.3 10.9 7.6
May-2003 5.4 10.9 8
Jun-2003 5.5 11.5 8.3
Jul-2003 5.4 10.9 8
Aug-2003 5.4 10.9 7.7
Sep-2003 5.3 11.1 7.3
Oct-2003 5.1 11.4 7.5
Nov-2003 5.2 10.2 7.4
Dec-2003 5 10.1 6.7
Jan-2004 5 10.4 7.3
Feb-2004 4.9 9.7 7.4
Mar-2004 5.1 10.3 7.6
Apr-2004 5 9.8 7.1
May-2004 4.9 10.1 6.9
Jun-2004 5 10.2 6.6
Jul-2004 4.7 11 6.8
Aug-2004 4.7 10.5 6.8
Sep-2004 4.6 10.3 6.8
Oct-2004 4.6 10.8 6.8
Nov-2004 4.6 10.7 6.7
Dec-2004 4.5 10.7 6.6
Jan-2005 4.5 10.6 6
Feb-2005 4.6 10.9 6.3
Mar-2005 4.5 10.5 5.8
Apr-2005 4.4 10.3 6.4
May-2005 4.4 10.1 6
Jun-2005 4.3 10.2 5.7
Jul-2005 4.2 9.2 5.5
Aug-2005 4.2 9.7 5.8
Sep-2005 4.4 9.4 6.4
Oct-2005 4.4 9.1 6
Nov-2005 4.3 10.6 6.1
Dec-2005 4.2 9.2 6.1
Jan-2006 4.1 8.9 5.5
Feb-2006 4.1 9.5 5.4
Mar-2006 4 9.5 5.2
Apr-2006 4.1 9.4 5.5
May-2006 4.1 8.7 5
Jun-2006 4.1 8.9 5.2
Jul-2006 4.1 9.5 5.2
Aug-2006 4.1 8.8 5.3
Sep-2006 3.9 9 5.5
Oct-2006 3.9 8.4 4.4%
Nov-2006 4 8.5 5.1
Dec-2006 3.9 8.3 5
Jan-2007 4.2 7.9 5.5
Feb-2007 4.1 8 5.1
Mar-2007 3.8 8.4 5
Apr-2007 4 8.3 5.6
May-2007 3.9 8.3 5.8
Jun-2007 4.1 8.5 5.5
Jul-2007 4.2 8.1 5.9
Aug-2007 4.2 7.6 5.5
Sep-2007 4.2 8 5.9
Oct-2007 4.1 8.5 5.7
Nov-2007 4.2 8.5 5.9
Dec-2007 4.4 9 6.3
Jan-2008 4.4 9.1 6.3
Feb-2008 4.4 8.4 6.2
Mar-2008 4.5 9.2 6.9
Apr-2008 4.4 8.6 7.1
May-2008 4.8 9.6 6.9
Jun-2008 5 9.4 7.6
Jul-2008 5.2 10 7.5
Aug-2008 5.4 10.6 8
Sep-2008 5.4 11.3 8
Oct-2008 5.9 11.4 8.8
Nov-2008 6.2 11.5 8.7
Dec-2008 6.7 12.1 9.4
Jan-2009 7.1 12.7 10.1
Feb-2009 7.6 13.7 11.3
Mar-2009 8 13.7 11.7
Apr-2009 8.1 15 11.4
May-2009 8.5 15 12.3
Jun-2009 8.7 14.8 12.1
Jul-2009 8.7 14.8 12.5
Aug-2009 8.9 14.8 13%
Sep-2009 8.9 15.3 12.6
Oct-2009 9.2 15.8 12.8
Nov-2009 9.2% 15.7 12.4
Dec-2009 9 16.1 12.8
Jan-2010 8.8 16.5 12.9
Feb-2010 8.9 16.1 12.7
Mar-2010 8.9 16.8% 12.9
Apr-2010 9 16.6 12.5
May-2010 8.7 15.5 12
Jun-2010 8.6 15.2 12.3
Jul-2010 8.5 15.6 12.2
Aug-2010 8.6 15.9 12
Sep-2010 8.6 16 12.3
Oct-2010 8.6 15.6 12.3
Nov-2010 8.9 16.2 12.9
Dec-2010 8.5 15.5 12.9
Jan-2011 8.1 15.8 12.3
Feb-2011 8.1 15.5 11.8
Mar-2011 8 15.8 11.6
Apr-2011 8.1 16.5 11.9
May-2011 7.9 16.3 11.6
Jun-2011 8.1 16.2 11.5
Jul-2011 8 15.9 11.2
Aug-2011 7.9 16.4 11.2
Sep-2011 7.9 15.9 11.2
Oct-2011 7.9 14.6 11.3
Nov-2011 7.7 15.6 11.2
Dec-2011 7.5 15.4 11.1
Jan-2012 7.4 13.6 10.7
Feb-2012 7.4 14 10.9
Mar-2012 7.3 14 10.6
Apr-2012 7.4 13.3 10.3
May-2012 7.4 13.5 10.9
Jun-2012 7.3 14.5 10.9
Jul-2012 7.3 14.2 10.2
Aug-2012 7.2 13.8 10.1
Sep-2012 7 13.6 9.7
Oct-2012 6.9 14.1 10
Nov-2012 6.8 13.3 9.9
Dec-2012 6.9 14 9.6
Jan-2013 7.1 13.7 9.7
Feb-2013 6.8 13.8 9.7
Mar-2013 6.7 13 9.3
Apr-2013 6.7 13.3 9
May-2013 6.7 13.4 9
Jun-2013 6.6 14.2 9.1
Jul-2013 6.5 12.6 9.4
Aug-2013 6.4 12.8 9.2
Sep-2013 6.3 13 8.8
Oct-2013 6.3 12.8 9.1
Nov-2013 6.1 12.3 8.7
Dec-2013 5.9 11.9 8.3
Jan-2014 5.7 12.1 8.3
Feb-2014 5.8 11.8 8.2
Mar-2014 5.8 12.1 7.9
Apr-2014 5.3 11.6 7.2
May-2014 5.4 11.4 7.7
Jun-2014 5.3 11 7.8
Jul-2014 5.3 11.6 7.7
Aug-2014 5.3 11.4 7.4
Sep-2014 5.1 11 6.8
Oct-2014 4.9 10.6 6.8
Nov-2014 5 10.9 6.6
Dec-2014 4.7 10.6 6.4
Jan-2015 4.9 10.3 6.7
Feb-2015 4.7 10.1 6.8
Mar-2015 4.8 9.9 6.8
Apr-2015 4.7 9.8 6.8
May-2015 4.8 10.3 6.8
Jun-2015 4.6 9.6 6.8
Jul-2015 4.5 9.1 6.9
Aug-2015 4.4 9.4 6.6
Sep-2015 4.4 9.3 6.2
Oct-2015 4.4 8.9 6.3
Nov-2015 4.4 9.4 6.4
Dec-2015 4.4 8.5 6.2
Jan-2016 4.3 8.8 5.8
Feb-2016 4.2 8.6 5.4
Mar-2016 4.3 8.9 5.5
Apr-2016 4.4 8.9 6.1
May-2016 4.2 8.2 5.6
Jun-2016 4.3 8.7 5.9
Jul-2016 4.2 8.4 5.5
Aug-2016 4.4 8 5.6
Sep-2016 4.4 8.4 6.4
Oct-2016 4.4 8.3 5.7
Nov-2016 4.2 8 5.7
Dec-2016 4.2 7.9 5.9
Jan-2017 4.3 7.7 5.8
Feb-2017 4 8 5.5
Mar-2017 3.9 7.9 5
Apr-2017 3.8 7.9 5.1
May-2017 3.8 7.7 5.1
Jun-2017 3.8 7.1 4.9
Jul-2017 3.7 7.4 5.2
Aug-2017 3.8 7.6 5.1
Sep-2017 3.7 7.1 5.1
Oct-2017 3.5 7.3 4.9
Nov-2017 3.7 7.3 4.8
Dec-2017 3.7 6.7 4.9
Jan-2018 3.5 7.7 5
Feb-2018 3.7 6.8 4.9
Mar-2018 3.6 6.8 5.1
Apr-2018 3.5 6.5 4.8
May-2018 3.5 5.9 4.9
Jun-2018 3.5 6.5 4.6
Jul-2018 3.3 6.6 4.5
Aug-2018 3.4 6.3 4.7
Sep-2018 3.3 6 4.5
Oct-2018 3.3 6.2 4.4
Nov-2018 3.4 6 4.5
Dec-2018 3.4% 6.6% 4.4%
ChartData Download data

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Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics' Current Population Survey, public data series

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Share of newly employed workers who said that they were not actively searching for work in the previous month

Share of newly employed workers who said that they were not actively searching for work in the previous month
Apr-1990 61.9%
May-1990 62.6%
Jun-1990 62.0%
Jul-1990 62.0%
Aug-1990 61.6%
Sep-1990 62.3%
Oct-1990 61.0%
Nov-1990 61.2%
Dec-1990 60.4%
Jan-1991 59.9%
Feb-1991 59.0%
Mar-1991 58.5%
Apr-1991 57.7%
May-1991 57.6%
Jun-1991 57.2%
Jul-1991 58.0%
Aug-1991 57.8%
Sep-1991 57.7%
Oct-1991 57.3%
Nov-1991 56.9%
Dec-1991 57.0%
Jan-1992 56.8%
Feb-1992 57.1%
Mar-1992 57.1%
Apr-1992 57.2%
May-1992 57.3%
Jun-1992 56.6%
Jul-1992 56.4%
Aug-1992 56.1%
Sep-1992 55.9%
Oct-1992 55.7%
Nov-1992 55.8%
Dec-1992 56.1%
Jan-1993 56.6%
Feb-1993 57.7%
Mar-1993 58.3%
Apr-1993 58.4%
May-1993 58.2%
Jun-1993 58.1%
Jul-1993 57.5%
Aug-1993 57.5%
Sep-1993 58.0%
Oct-1993 58.9%
Nov-1993 58.5%
Dec-1993 58.3%
Jan-1994 58.8%
Feb-1994 59.2%
Mar-1994 59.1%
Apr-1994 58.7%
May-1994 58.3%
Jun-1994 58.5%
Jul-1994 58.6%
Aug-1994 59.0%
Sep-1994 59.1%
Oct-1994 59.8%
Nov-1994 60.1%
Dec-1994 60.3%
Jan-1995 60.4%
Feb-1995 59.5%
Mar-1995 59.7%
Apr-1995 59.7%
May-1995 59.2%
Jun-1995 59.5%
Jul-1995 59.5%
Aug-1995 60.0%
Sep-1995 60.2%
Oct-1995 59.9%
Nov-1995 60.6%
Dec-1995 59.9%
Jan-1996 59.8%
Feb-1996 60.3%
Mar-1996 60.7%
Apr-1996 61.0%
May-1996 60.7%
Jun-1996 60.8%
Jul-1996 61.5%
Aug-1996 60.8%
Sep-1996 60.9%
Oct-1996 60.2%
Nov-1996 60.6%
Dec-1996 59.6%
Jan-1997 59.1%
Feb-1997 58.9%
Mar-1997 60.3%
Apr-1997 61.4%
May-1997 61.8%
Jun-1997 61.1%
Jul-1997 60.4%
Aug-1997 61.3%
Sep-1997 61.9%
Oct-1997 62.5%
Nov-1997 62.7%
Dec-1997 62.8%
Jan-1998 63.3%
Feb-1998 62.7%
Mar-1998 62.9%
Apr-1998 62.4%
May-1998 63.5%
Jun-1998 63.2%
Jul-1998 64.2%
Aug-1998 64.0%
Sep-1998 65.2%
Oct-1998 65.1%
Nov-1998 65.1%
Dec-1998 64.9%
Jan-1999 65.6%
Feb-1999 65.5%
Mar-1999 64.2%
Apr-1999 65.3%
May-1999 66.1%
Jun-1999 67.4%
Jul-1999 66.4%
Aug-1999 65.7%
Sep-1999 65.3%
Oct-1999 65.5%
Nov-1999 65.3%
Dec-1999 65.1%
Jan-2000 64.4%
Feb-2000 65.4%
Mar-2000 65.7%
Apr-2000 65.9%
May-2000 65.6%
Jun-2000 65.9%
Jul-2000 65.4%
Aug-2000 65.5%
Sep-2000 65.6%
Oct-2000 66.5%
Nov-2000 67.4%
Dec-2000 68.1%
Jan-2001 69.0%
Feb-2001 68.6%
Mar-2001 67.9%
Apr-2001 66.9%
May-2001 65.8%
Jun-2001 65.3%
Jul-2001 65.7%
Aug-2001 66.2%
Sep-2001 66.6%
Oct-2001 65.5%
Nov-2001 64.4%
Dec-2001 62.9%
Jan-2002 62.6%
Feb-2002 62.3%
Mar-2002 61.7%
Apr-2002 61.9%
May-2002 62.8%
Jun-2002 64.4%
Jul-2002 64.5%
Aug-2002 64.0%
Sep-2002 63.1%
Oct-2002 63.1%
Nov-2002 63.7%
Dec-2002 64.1%
Jan-2003 64.2%
Feb-2003 64.2%
Mar-2003 64.5%
Apr-2003 64.3%
May-2003 63.7%
Jun-2003 63.5%
Jul-2003 63.1%
Aug-2003 63.2%
Sep-2003 63.4%
Oct-2003 64.3%
Nov-2003 64.7%
Dec-2003 63.7%
Jan-2004 63.6%
Feb-2004 63.4%
Mar-2004 64.9%
Apr-2004 64.3%
May-2004 64.3%
Jun-2004 63.7%
Jul-2004 64.2%
Aug-2004 64.5%
Sep-2004 64.1%
Oct-2004 64.2%
Nov-2004 64.0%
Dec-2004 64.4%
Jan-2005 64.6%
Feb-2005 64.8%
Mar-2005 64.9%
Apr-2005 65.1%
May-2005 65.8%
Jun-2005 66.1%
Jul-2005 66.6%
Aug-2005 65.9%
Sep-2005 66.5%
Oct-2005 66.2%
Nov-2005 66.0%
Dec-2005 65.9%
Jan-2006 65.8%
Feb-2006 67.3%
Mar-2006 67.3%
Apr-2006 67.6%
May-2006 67.3%
Jun-2006 67.2%
Jul-2006 66.7%
Aug-2006 66.4%
Sep-2006 65.9%
Oct-2006 66.9%
Nov-2006 67.6%
Dec-2006 68.3%
Jan-2007 68.0%
Feb-2007 67.0%
Mar-2007 66.5%
Apr-2007 65.8%
May-2007 66.2%
Jun-2007 67.6%
Jul-2007 67.7%
Aug-2007 67.6%
Sep-2007 66.9%
Oct-2007 67.0%
Nov-2007 67.5%
Dec-2007 66.6%
Jan-2008 66.4%
Feb-2008 65.4%
Mar-2008 65.6%
Apr-2008 64.7%
May-2008 65.1%
Jun-2008 64.9%
Jul-2008 65.3%
Aug-2008 64.2%
Sep-2008 62.9%
Oct-2008 62.1%
Nov-2008 61.9%
Dec-2008 62.3%
Jan-2009 62.2%
Feb-2009 61.6%
Mar-2009 60.8%
Apr-2009 59.8%
May-2009 59.6%
Jun-2009 58.3%
Jul-2009 57.5%
Aug-2009 57.0%
Sep-2009 56.8%
Oct-2009 57.6%
Nov-2009 56.7%
Dec-2009 57.7%
Jan-2010 57.9%
Feb-2010 58.8%
Mar-2010 58.7%
Apr-2010 57.4%
May-2010 56.4%
Jun-2010 56.6%
Jul-2010 57.2%
Aug-2010 58.4%
Sep-2010 58.8%
Oct-2010 58.9%
Nov-2010 58.9%
Dec-2010 58.4%
Jan-2011 59.1%
Feb-2011 59.5%
Mar-2011 60.1%
Apr-2011 60.4%
May-2011 60.2%
Jun-2011 59.7%
Jul-2011 59.8%
Aug-2011 59.6%
Sep-2011 60.6%
Oct-2011 59.8%
Nov-2011 59.8%
Dec-2011 59.1%
Jan-2012 59.2%
Feb-2012 59.1%
Mar-2012 59.4%
Apr-2012 60.3%
May-2012 60.9%
Jun-2012 61.6%
Jul-2012 61.8%
Aug-2012 62.3%
Sep-2012 62.3%
Oct-2012 62.0%
Nov-2012 61.8%
Dec-2012 62.5%
Jan-2013 62.2%
Feb-2013 61.5%
Mar-2013 61.6%
Apr-2013 63.1%
May-2013 63.5%
Jun-2013 63.2%
Jul-2013 62.3%
Aug-2013 62.9%
Sep-2013 63.5%
Oct-2013 64.3%
Nov-2013 64.1%
Dec-2013 63.6%
Jan-2014 63.9%
Feb-2014 63.6%
Mar-2014 63.9%
Apr-2014 62.8%
May-2014 64.2%
Jun-2014 64.5%
Jul-2014 66.0%
Aug-2014 65.5%
Sep-2014 65.3%
Oct-2014 64.9%
Nov-2014 65.3%
Dec-2014 65.8%
Jan-2015 67.2%
Feb-2015 67.8%
Mar-2015 68.4%
Apr-2015 68.0%
May-2015 68.5%
Jun-2015 68.2%
Jul-2015 69.0%
Aug-2015 68.6%
Sep-2015 68.8%
Oct-2015 68.6%
Nov-2015 68.6%
Dec-2015 69.0%
Jan-2016 68.6%
Feb-2016 69.8%
Mar-2016 70.5%
Apr-2016 70.7%
May-2016 69.7%
Jun-2016 69.1%
Jul-2016 68.9%
Aug-2016 69.4%
Sep-2016 69.2%
Oct-2016 68.2%
Nov-2016 67.7%
Dec-2016 68.8%
Jan-2017 69.4%
Feb-2017 69.1%
Mar-2017 68.8%
Apr-2017 69.4%
May-2017 70.2%
Jun-2017 70.7%
Jul-2017 70.2%
Aug-2017 70.7%
Sep-2017 70.4%
Oct-2017 70.7%
Nov-2017 70.8%
Dec-2017 70.7%
Jan-2018 71.2%
Feb-2018 71.0%
Mar-2018 70.6%
Apr-2018 70.7%
May-2018 71.2%
Jun-2018 72.6%
Jul-2018 73.1%
Aug-2018 73.0%
Sep-2018 72.9%
Oct-2018 73.0%
Nov-2018 73.3%
Dec-2018 73.1%
ChartData Download data

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Note: Because of volatility in these data, the line reflects three month moving averages

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Labor Force Flows: Unemployed to Employed (16 Years and Over) [LNS17100000], and Not in Labor Force to Employed (16 years and over) [LNS17200000], retrieved from FRED (Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis).

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