Economic Indicators Jobs and unemployment

Every month, the Bureau of Labor Statistics releases a report on the employment situation for the previous month. Their release includes data on job growth, unemployment, and wage growth, which gives us a snapshot of the health of the economy and whether it’s working for ordinary Americans.

Key numbers • August

8.4% National unemployment rate
1,371,000 Net jobs in August
75.3% Share of prime working-age population with a job
4.7% Average nominal wage growth since August 2019

August

Jobs report: Six months into the recession and a 11.5 million jobs deficit remains

Today’s jobs report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) gives us a status report on the labor market six months into the recession caused by the coronavirus pandemic. When the pandemic hit, health officials and policymakers urged businesses across the country to shutter their doors and mitigate the spread of the coronavirus. As a result, over 22 million jobs were lost and unprecedented numbers of workers filed for unemployment insurance. The jobs losses were sharp and deep, disproportionately hitting women, Latinx workers, and certain low wage sectors of the economy, notably leisure and hospitality. The effects were particularly devastating for Black workers and their families who were less able to weather job losses. With the expiration of the extra $600 unemployment insurance benefit, millions of workers across the country are facing eviction and hunger and the resulting loss in demand will undoubtedly slow the recovery. As the economy began reopening, jobs have started to return. Today, the BLS reports an increase of 1.4 million jobs in August. In normal times, this would be an enormous jump, but it represents a noted slowdown from last month’s increase of 1.7 million and June’s increase of 4.8 million. At this point, the U.S. economy is still down 11.5 million jobs from where it was in February, before the pandemic hit. With this kind of slowing in job growth, it will take years to return to the pre-pandemic labor market. And, without the $600 boost to unemployment insurance, jobs will return even more slowly than had policymakers stepped up and continued that vital support to workers and the economy.

Overall job growth was bolstered by a temporary gain in government employment for Census workers; without it, the jobs deficit would be 11.8 million. Public sector employment is still 831,000 below its pre-pandemic level in February. Federal policymakers need to step up and provide more fiscal relief to state and local governments so they can continue to provide necessary services and prevent unnecessary cuts to their budgets as their revenue falls in the face of the historically large shutdown in economic activity. In fact, they could do one better and increase public-sector employment through the hiring of additional public health workers and contact tracers. Further, the current challenges to schools require more, not less, education staff in coming months. As in the Great Recession, the pursuit of austerity will stifle a quick and full recovery.

In the private sector, job growth occurred in retail trade, profession and business services, and leisure and hospitality. However, leisure and hospitality still has 4.1 million fewer jobs than in February. Education and health services has 1.5 million fewer jobs in August than in February. Professional and business services are 1.5 million down from February. Retail trade has 655,400 fewer jobs in August than in February. The U.S. economy is still facing a huge jobs deficit. Even in manufacturing, which saw gains of 29,000 in August, there are 720,000 fewer jobs than in the pre-pandemic economy.

Turning the household survey, there was a significantly decline in the overall unemployment rate from 10.2% down to 8.4%. This happened for the “right” reasons—more workers getting jobs rather than an exodus from the labor force. After continuing to falter as white workers recovered faster, Black unemployment finally has started improving. The white unemployment rate hit 7.3% in August, declining 1.9 percentage points. The Black unemployment rate fell 1.6 percentage points to 13.0% in August. The Hispanic unemployment rate fell 2.4 percentage points to 10.5% while the Asian unemployment rate fell 1.3 percentage points to 10.7%. While the improvements are welcome, it is clear that white workers continue to have a swifter recovery.

It’s important to remember that the overall unemployment rate of 8.4% is still higher than the unemployment rate ever got in either the early 1990s or the early 2000s recessions. And, the unemployment rate is not counting all coronavirus-related job losses. In August, there were 13.6 million workers who were officially unemployed. But there were an additional 1.1 million workers who were temporarily unemployed but who were being misclassified as “employed not a work.” There were also 4.3 million workers who were out of work as a result of the virus but who were being counted as having dropped out of the labor force because they weren’t actively seeking work. Altogether, that is 19.0 million workers who were either officially unemployed or otherwise out of work as a result of the virus in August. If all these workers were taken into account, the unemployment rate would have been 11.5% in August. Furthermore, August saw an increase of over half a million in permanent job losses. It is clear that the pain is nowhere near over for millions of workers and their families across the country.

This Labor Day, we will hear a lot of rhetoric from policymakers about helping workers, but it is important that they take real action that will help working people in this recovery.

Charting jobs and unemployment

Monthly change in payroll employment, 2007–2020

Date Change in Employment 
Jan-2007 228
Feb-2007 81
Mar-2007 235
Apr-2007 49
May-2007 151
Jun-2007 76
Jul-2007 -31
Aug-2007 -23
Sep-2007 80
Oct-2007 79
Nov-2007 110
Dec-2007 108
Jan-2008 11
Feb-2008 -79
Mar-2008 -49
Apr-2008 -240
May-2008 -177
Jun-2008 -171
Jul-2008 -196
Aug-2008 -278
Sep-2008 -460
Oct-2008 -481
Nov-2008 -727
Dec-2008 -706
Jan-2009 -784
Feb-2009 -743
Mar-2009 -800
Apr-2009 -695
May-2009 -342
Jun-2009 -467
Jul-2009 -340
Aug-2009 -183
Sep-2009 -241
Oct-2009 -199
Nov-2009 12
Dec-2009 -269
Jan-2010 2
Feb-2010 -92
Mar-2010 181
Apr-2010 231
May-2010 540
Jun-2010 -139
Jul-2010 -84
Aug-2010 -5
Sep-2010 -65
Oct-2010 268
Nov-2010 125
Dec-2010 72
Jan-2011 19
Feb-2011 212
Mar-2011 235
Apr-2011 314
May-2011 101
Jun-2011 236
Jul-2011 60
Aug-2011 126
Sep-2011 233
Oct-2011 204
Nov-2011 132
Dec-2011 202
Jan-2012 354
Feb-2012 262
Mar-2012 240
Apr-2012 82
May-2012 100
Jun-2012 73
Jul-2012 152
Aug-2012 172
Sep-2012 187
Oct-2012 159
Nov-2012 156
Dec-2012 239
Jan-2013 191
Feb-2013 278
Mar-2013 139
Apr-2013 191
May-2013 222
Jun-2013 181
Jul-2013 112
Aug-2013 242
Sep-2013 187
Oct-2013 225
Nov-2013 264
Dec-2013 69
Jan-2014 175
Feb-2014 166
Mar-2014 254
Apr-2014 325
May-2014 218
Jun-2014 326
Jul-2014 232
Aug-2014 188
Sep-2014 309
Oct-2014 252
Nov-2014 291
Dec-2014 268
Jan-2015 191
Feb-2015 271
Mar-2015 71
Apr-2015 284
May-2015 331
Jun-2015 174
Jul-2015 302
Aug-2015 125
Sep-2015 155
Oct-2015 306
Nov-2015 237
Dec-2015 273
Jan-2016 73
Feb-2016 263
Mar-2016 229
Apr-2016 187
May-2016 42
Jun-2016 267
Jul-2016 354
Aug-2016 135
Sep-2016 269
Oct-2016 145
Nov-2016 151
Dec-2016 230
Jan-2017 185
Feb-2017 188
Mar-2017 129
Apr-2017 197
May-2017 155
Jun-2017 216
Jul-2017 215
Aug-2017 184
Sep-2017 18
Oct-2017 267
Nov-2017 225
Dec-2017 130
Jan-2018 121
Feb-2018 406
Mar-2018 176
Apr-2018 137
May-2018 278
Jun-2018 219
Jul-2018 136
Aug-2018 244
Sep-2018 80
Oct-2018 201
Nov-2018 134
Dec-2018 182
Jan-2019 269
Feb-2019 1
Mar-2019 147
Apr-2019 210
May-2019 85
Jun-2019 182
Jul-2019 194
Aug-2019 207
Sep-2019 208
Oct-2019 185
Nov-2019 261
Dec-2019 184
Jan-2020 214
Feb-2020 251
Mar-2020 -1373
Apr-2020 -20787
May-2020 2725
Jun-2020 4781
Jul-2020 1734
Aug-2020 1371
ChartData Download data

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Note: Shaded areas denote recessions.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics' Current Employment Statistics public data series

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A more comprehensive look at unemployment rates: Unemployment rates for select workers by race, ethnicity, and gender, February – August 2020

February March April May June July August
White men  2.9% 3.7% 12.4% 10.7% 9.0% 8.3% 6.9% 
White women  2.8%  3.6% 15.0% 13.1% 10.3% 9.6% 7.3% 
Black men 5.8% 7.0% 16.1% 15.5% 16.3% 15.2% 13.2% 
Black women 4.8% 5.2% 16.4% 16.5% 14.0% 13.5% 12.0% 
Latino men 3.2% 5.1% 16.7% 15.1% 12.8% 11.4% 9.8% 
Latina women 4.9% 6.0% 20.2% 19.0% 15.3% 14.0% 10.5% 

 

ChartData Download data

The data below can be saved or copied directly into Excel.

Note: Workers, age 20 years and over. Race and ethnic categories are not mutually exclusive. White and Black data do not exclude Latinx workers of each race. Unemployment levels are labeled for February, the current month, and the peak in-between.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Household Data Table A-2, and Table A-3.

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Nominal wage growth spikes from compositional shifts in the COVID-19 economy, 2007–2020

Date All nonfarm employees Production/nonsupervisory workers
Mar-2007 3.39% 4.11%
Apr-2007 3.07% 3.85%
May-2007 3.53% 4.08%
Jun-2007 3.61% 4.19%
Jul-2007 3.25% 4.11%
Aug-2007 3.40% 4.04%
Sep-2007 3.09% 4.09%
Oct-2007 3.03% 3.84%
Nov-2007 3.13% 3.89%
Dec-2007 2.97% 3.81%
Jan-2008 2.91% 3.74%
Feb-2008 2.85% 3.79%
Mar-2008 3.09% 3.83%
Apr-2008 2.79% 3.76%
May-2008 3.02% 3.75%
Jun-2008 2.72% 3.50%
Jul-2008 3.01% 3.67%
Aug-2008 3.33% 3.89%
Sep-2008 3.23% 3.64%
Oct-2008 3.32% 3.81%
Nov-2008 3.60% 3.86%
Dec-2008 3.59% 3.90%
Jan-2009 3.68% 3.78%
Feb-2009 3.43% 3.60%
Mar-2009 3.28% 3.47%
Apr-2009 3.37% 3.35%
May-2009 2.93% 3.06%
Jun-2009 2.83% 2.94%
Jul-2009 2.73% 2.71%
Aug-2009 2.44% 2.70%
Sep-2009 2.49% 2.75%
Oct-2009 2.53% 2.68%
Nov-2009 2.19% 2.68%
Dec-2009 1.91% 2.45%
Jan-2010 2.00% 2.61%
Feb-2010 2.09% 2.55%
Mar-2010 1.77% 2.22%
Apr-2010 1.81% 2.38%
May-2010 1.95% 2.59%
Jun-2010 1.81% 2.48%
Jul-2010 1.85% 2.42%
Aug-2010 1.75% 2.36%
Sep-2010 1.84% 2.19%
Oct-2010 1.93% 2.45%
Nov-2010 1.65% 2.18%
Dec-2010 1.79% 2.07%
Jan-2011 1.96% 2.33%
Feb-2011 1.87% 2.12%
Mar-2011 1.87% 2.12%
Apr-2011 1.91% 2.11%
May-2011 2.04% 2.10%
Jun-2011 2.13% 2.05%
Jul-2011 2.26% 2.26%
Aug-2011 1.99% 1.88%
Sep-2011 1.94% 1.94%
Oct-2011 2.07% 1.88%
Nov-2011 1.98% 1.82%
Dec-2011 1.98% 1.77%
Jan-2012 1.71% 1.40%
Feb-2012 1.75% 1.45%
Mar-2012 2.14% 1.71%
Apr-2012 2.05% 1.65%
May-2012 1.74% 1.39%
Jun-2012 1.96% 1.60%
Jul-2012 1.77% 1.39%
Aug-2012 1.82% 1.39%
Sep-2012 1.99% 1.54%
Oct-2012 1.51% 1.18%
Nov-2012 1.94% 1.43%
Dec-2012 2.24% 1.74%
Jan-2013 2.24% 1.79%
Feb-2013 2.15% 2.04%
Mar-2013 1.93% 1.88%
Apr-2013 2.05% 1.83%
May-2013 2.14% 1.88%
Jun-2013 2.17% 2.03%
Jul-2013 2.00% 2.03%
Aug-2013 2.30% 2.18%
Sep-2013 2.08% 2.28%
Oct-2013 2.25% 2.32%
Nov-2013 2.24% 2.37%
Dec-2013 1.85% 2.21%
Jan-2014 1.89% 2.26%
Feb-2014 2.31% 2.55%
Mar-2014 2.10% 2.45%
Apr-2014 1.97% 2.35%
May-2014 2.13% 2.44%
Jun-2014 1.96% 2.24%
Jul-2014 2.09% 2.33%
Aug-2014 2.16% 2.48%
Sep-2014 2.08% 2.17%
Oct-2014 2.03% 2.22%
Nov-2014 2.03% 2.22%
Dec-2014 1.99% 1.77%
Jan-2015 2.15% 2.01%
Feb-2015 1.89% 1.46%
Mar-2015 2.18% 1.85%
Apr-2015 2.26% 1.95%
May-2015 2.30% 2.19%
Jun-2015 2.21% 2.14%
Jul-2015 2.12% 2.04%
Aug-2015 2.24% 1.98%
Sep-2015 2.24% 2.13%
Oct-2015 2.48% 2.37%
Nov-2015 2.39% 2.12%
Dec-2015 2.52% 2.61%
Jan-2016 2.55% 2.45%
Feb-2016 2.42% 2.60%
Mar-2016 2.46% 2.49%
Apr-2016 2.57% 2.58%
May-2016 2.48% 2.29%
Jun-2016 2.60% 2.48%
Jul-2016 2.80% 2.62%
Aug-2016 2.47% 2.51%
Sep-2016 2.63% 2.51%
Oct-2016 2.74% 2.41%
Nov-2016 2.65% 2.45%
Dec-2016 2.65% 2.45%
Jan-2017 2.52% 2.35%
Feb-2017 2.76% 2.44%
Mar-2017 2.59% 2.24%
Apr-2017 2.51% 2.24%
May-2017 2.46% 2.33%
Jun-2017 2.50% 2.32%
Jul-2017 2.57% 2.32%
Aug-2017 2.57% 2.31%
Sep-2017 2.87% 2.59%
Oct-2017 2.32% 2.21%
Nov-2017 2.47% 2.35%
Dec-2017 2.70% 2.48%
Jan-2018 2.73% 2.52%
Feb-2018 2.57% 2.47%
Mar-2018 2.80% 2.79%
Apr-2018 2.83% 2.83%
May-2018 2.94% 2.91%
Jun-2018 2.93% 2.91%
Jul-2018 2.85% 2.85%
Aug-2018 3.18% 3.08%
Sep-2018 3.02% 2.97%
Oct-2018 3.32% 3.25%
Nov-2018 3.35% 3.46%
Dec-2018 3.38% 3.54%
Jan-2019 3.26% 3.35%
Feb-2019 3.51% 3.53%
Mar-2019 3.43% 3.51%
Apr-2019 3.34% 3.46%
May-2019 3.30% 3.58%
Jun-2019 3.40% 3.53%
Jul-2019 3.47% 3.65%
Aug-2019 3.45% 3.73%
Sep-2019 3.11% 3.67%
Oct-2019 3.22% 3.76%
Nov-2019 3.28% 3.52%
Dec-2019 3.01% 3.25%
Jan-2020 3.08% 3.33%
Feb-2020 3.00% 3.32%
Mar-2020 3.35% 3.52%
Apr-2020 7.98% 7.67%
May-2020 6.57% 6.62%
Jun-2020 4.86% 5.41%
Jul-2020 4.78% 4.63%
ChartData Download data

The data below can be saved or copied directly into Excel.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics Current Employment Statistics public data series

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Employment-to-population ratio of workers ages 25–54, 1989–2020

Date Employment to population ratio
Jan-1989 80.0%
Feb-1989 79.9%
Mar-1989 79.9%
Apr-1989 79.8%
May-1989 79.8%
Jun-1989 79.8%
Jul-1989 79.8%
Aug-1989 79.9%
Sep-1989 80.0%
Oct-1989 79.9%
Nov-1989 80.2%
Dec-1989 80.1%
Jan-1990 80.2%
Feb-1990 80.2%
Mar-1990 80.1%
Apr-1990 79.9%
May-1990 79.9%
Jun-1990 79.8%
Jul-1990 79.6%
Aug-1990 79.5%
Sep-1990 79.4%
Oct-1990 79.4%
Nov-1990 79.2%
Dec-1990 79.0%
Jan-1991 78.9%
Feb-1991 78.9%
Mar-1991 78.7%
Apr-1991 79.0%
May-1991 78.6%
Jun-1991 78.7%
Jul-1991 78.6%
Aug-1991 78.5%
Sep-1991 78.6%
Oct-1991 78.5%
Nov-1991 78.4%
Dec-1991 78.3%
Jan-1992 78.4%
Feb-1992 78.2%
Mar-1992 78.2%
Apr-1992 78.4%
May-1992 78.4%
Jun-1992 78.5%
Jul-1992 78.4%
Aug-1992 78.4%
Sep-1992 78.3%
Oct-1992 78.2%
Nov-1992 78.2%
Dec-1992 78.2%
Jan-1993 78.2%
Feb-1993 78.1%
Mar-1993 78.2%
Apr-1993 78.2%
May-1993 78.5%
Jun-1993 78.6%
Jul-1993 78.6%
Aug-1993 78.8%
Sep-1993 78.6%
Oct-1993 78.7%
Nov-1993 79.0%
Dec-1993 79.0%
Jan-1994 78.9%
Feb-1994 78.9%
Mar-1994 78.9%
Apr-1994 79.0%
May-1994 79.2%
Jun-1994 78.8%
Jul-1994 79.1%
Aug-1994 79.2%
Sep-1994 79.6%
Oct-1994 79.6%
Nov-1994 79.8%
Dec-1994 79.8%
Jan-1995 79.7%
Feb-1995 80.0%
Mar-1995 79.9%
Apr-1995 79.8%
May-1995 79.7%
Jun-1995 79.5%
Jul-1995 79.7%
Aug-1995 79.6%
Sep-1995 79.8%
Oct-1995 79.8%
Nov-1995 79.7%
Dec-1995 79.7%
Jan-1996 79.8%
Feb-1996 79.9%
Mar-1996 79.9%
Apr-1996 79.9%
May-1996 80.0%
Jun-1996 80.1%
Jul-1996 80.4%
Aug-1996 80.5%
Sep-1996 80.4%
Oct-1996 80.6%
Nov-1996 80.5%
Dec-1996 80.5%
Jan-1997 80.5%
Feb-1997 80.4%
Mar-1997 80.6%
Apr-1997 80.7%
May-1997 80.6%
Jun-1997 80.9%
Jul-1997 81.1%
Aug-1997 81.3%
Sep-1997 81.1%
Oct-1997 81.1%
Nov-1997 81.0%
Dec-1997 81.0%
Jan-1998 81.0%
Feb-1998 81.0%
Mar-1998 81.0%
Apr-1998 81.1%
May-1998 81.0%
Jun-1998 81.0%
Jul-1998 81.1%
Aug-1998 81.2%
Sep-1998 81.3%
Oct-1998 81.1%
Nov-1998 81.2%
Dec-1998 81.3%
Jan-1999 81.8%
Feb-1999 81.5%
Mar-1999 81.3%
Apr-1999 81.3%
May-1999 81.4%
Jun-1999 81.4%
Jul-1999 81.2%
Aug-1999 81.3%
Sep-1999 81.3%
Oct-1999 81.5%
Nov-1999 81.6%
Dec-1999 81.5%
Jan-2000 81.8%
Feb-2000 81.8%
Mar-2000 81.7%
Apr-2000 81.9%
May-2000 81.5%
Jun-2000 81.5%
Jul-2000 81.3%
Aug-2000 81.1%
Sep-2000 81.1%
Oct-2000 81.1%
Nov-2000 81.3%
Dec-2000 81.4%
Jan-2001 81.4%
Feb-2001 81.3%
Mar-2001 81.3%
Apr-2001 80.9%
May-2001 80.8%
Jun-2001 80.6%
Jul-2001 80.5%
Aug-2001 80.2%
Sep-2001 80.2%
Oct-2001 79.9%
Nov-2001 79.7%
Dec-2001 79.8%
Jan-2002 79.6%
Feb-2002 79.8%
Mar-2002 79.6%
Apr-2002 79.5%
May-2002 79.4%
Jun-2002 79.2%
Jul-2002 79.1%
Aug-2002 79.3%
Sep-2002 79.4%
Oct-2002 79.2%
Nov-2002 78.8%
Dec-2002 79.0%
Jan-2003 78.9%
Feb-2003 78.9%
Mar-2003 79.0%
Apr-2003 79.1%
May-2003 78.9%
Jun-2003 78.9%
Jul-2003 78.8%
Aug-2003 78.7%
Sep-2003 78.6%
Oct-2003 78.6%
Nov-2003 78.7%
Dec-2003 78.8%
Jan-2004 78.9%
Feb-2004 78.8%
Mar-2004 78.7%
Apr-2004 78.9%
May-2004 79.0%
Jun-2004 79.1%
Jul-2004 79.2%
Aug-2004 79.0%
Sep-2004 79.0%
Oct-2004 79.0%
Nov-2004 79.1%
Dec-2004 78.9%
Jan-2005 79.2%
Feb-2005 79.2%
Mar-2005 79.2%
Apr-2005 79.4%
May-2005 79.5%
Jun-2005 79.2%
Jul-2005 79.4%
Aug-2005 79.6%
Sep-2005 79.4%
Oct-2005 79.3%
Nov-2005 79.2%
Dec-2005 79.3%
Jan-2006 79.6%
Feb-2006 79.7%
Mar-2006 79.8%
Apr-2006 79.6%
May-2006 79.7%
Jun-2006 79.8%
Jul-2006 79.8%
Aug-2006 79.8%
Sep-2006 79.9%
Oct-2006 80.1%
Nov-2006 80.0%
Dec-2006 80.1%
Jan-2007 80.3%
Feb-2007 80.1%
Mar-2007 80.2%
Apr-2007 80.0%
May-2007 80.0%
Jun-2007 79.9%
Jul-2007 79.8%
Aug-2007 79.8%
Sep-2007 79.7%
Oct-2007 79.6%
Nov-2007 79.7%
Dec-2007 79.7%
Jan-2008 80.0%
Feb-2008 79.9%
Mar-2008 79.8%
Apr-2008 79.6%
May-2008 79.5%
Jun-2008 79.4%
Jul-2008 79.2%
Aug-2008 78.8%
Sep-2008 78.8%
Oct-2008 78.4%
Nov-2008 78.1%
Dec-2008 77.6%
Jan-2009 77.0%
Feb-2009 76.7%
Mar-2009 76.2%
Apr-2009 76.2%
May-2009 75.9%
Jun-2009 75.9%
Jul-2009 75.8%
Aug-2009 75.6%
Sep-2009 75.1%
Oct-2009 75.0%
Nov-2009 75.2%
Dec-2009 74.8%
Jan-2010 75.1%
Feb-2010 75.1%
Mar-2010 75.1%
Apr-2010 75.4%
May-2010 75.1%
Jun-2010 75.2%
Jul-2010 75.1%
Aug-2010 75.0%
Sep-2010 75.1%
Oct-2010 75.0%
Nov-2010 74.8%
Dec-2010 75.0%
Jan-2011 75.2%
Feb-2011 75.1%
Mar-2011 75.3%
Apr-2011 75.1%
May-2011 75.2%
Jun-2011 75.0%
Jul-2011 75.0%
Aug-2011 75.1%
Sep-2011 74.9%
Oct-2011 74.9%
Nov-2011 75.3%
Dec-2011 75.4%
Jan-2012 75.5%
Feb-2012 75.5%
Mar-2012 75.7%
Apr-2012 75.7%
May-2012 75.7%
Jun-2012 75.6%
Jul-2012 75.6%
Aug-2012 75.7%
Sep-2012 76.0%
Oct-2012 76.1%
Nov-2012 75.8%
Dec-2012 76.0%
Jan-2013 75.6%
Feb-2013 75.8%
Mar-2013 75.8%
Apr-2013 75.8%
May-2013 76.0%
Jun-2013 75.9%
Jul-2013 76.0%
Aug-2013 76.0%
Sep-2013 76.0%
Oct-2013 75.6%
Nov-2013 76.1%
Dec-2013 76.1%
Jan-2014 76.4%
Feb-2014 76.4%
Mar-2014 76.5%
Apr-2014 76.5%
May-2014 76.4%
Jun-2014 76.9%
Jul-2014 76.7%
Aug-2014 76.9%
Sep-2014 76.8%
Oct-2014 76.9%
Nov-2014 76.9%
Dec-2014 77.1%
Jan-2015 77.1%
Feb-2015 77.2%
Mar-2015 77.1%
Apr-2015 77.2%
May-2015 77.2%
Jun-2015 77.4%
Jul-2015 77.1%
Aug-2015 77.3%
Sep-2015 77.2%
Oct-2015 77.2%
Nov-2015 77.4%
Dec-2015 77.4%
Jan-2016 77.7%
Feb-2016 77.8%
Mar-2016 77.9%
Apr-2016 77.8%
May-2016 77.8%
Jun-2016 77.9%
Jul-2016 78.0%
Aug-2016 77.9%
Sep-2016 78.0%
Oct-2016 78.2%
Nov-2016 78.1%
Dec-2016 78.1%
Jan-2017 78.2%
Feb-2017 78.3%
Mar-2017 78.5%
Apr-2017 78.6%
May-2017 78.5%
Jun-2017 78.6%
Jul-2017 78.7%
Aug-2017 78.5%
Sep-2017 78.9%
Oct-2017 78.8%
Nov-2017 78.9%
Dec-2017 79.0%
Jan-2018 79.0%
Feb-2018 79.3%
Mar-2018 79.2%
Apr-2018 79.2%
May-2018 79.3%
Jun-2018 79.4%
Jul-2018 79.5%
Aug-2018 79.4%
Sep-2018 79.3%
Oct-2018 79.7%
Nov-2018 79.6%
Dec-2018 79.6%
Jan-2019 79.8%
Feb-2019 79.9%
Mar-2019 79.8%
Apr-2019 79.7%
May-2019 79.7%
Jun-2019 79.8%
Jul-2019 79.5%
Aug-2019 80.1%
Sep-2019 80.1%
Oct-2019 80.3%
Nov-2019 80.3%
Dec-2019 80.4%
Jan-2020 80.6%
Feb-2020 80.5%
Mar-2020 79.6%
Apr-2020 69.7%
May-2020 71.4%
Jun-2020 73.5%
Jul-2020 73.8%
Aug-2020 75.3%
ChartData Download data

The data below can be saved or copied directly into Excel.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Current Population Survey public data

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Labor force participation rate and employment-to-population ratio of workers ages 25–54, by gender, 1989–2020

Date Labor force participation rate, men Labor force participation rate, women Employment-to-population ratio, men Employment-to-population ratio, women
Jan-1989 93.8 73.6 89.9 70.5
Feb-1989 93.7 73.5 89.8 70.4
Mar-1989 93.7 73.4 89.9 70.2
Apr-1989 93.7 73.5 89.7 70.3
May-1989 93.5 73.4 89.8 70.1
Jun-1989 93.5 73.3 90 70.1
Jul-1989 93.6 73.4 89.9 70
Aug-1989 93.5 73.5 90 70.2
Sep-1989 93.6 74 89.7 70.7
Oct-1989 93.7 73.8 89.8 70.5
Nov-1989 93.9 74.1 89.9 70.8
Dec-1989 93.8 74.1 90 70.7
Jan-1990 93.9 74.1 89.9 70.9
Feb-1990 94 74 90.1 70.8
Mar-1990 93.6 74 89.8 70.8
Apr-1990 93.5 73.9 89.4 70.7
May-1990 93.3 74.1 89.3 70.8
Jun-1990 93.3 73.9 89.3 70.6
Jul-1990 93.2 74 89 70.6
Aug-1990 93.3 74 88.9 70.5
Sep-1990 93.1 74 88.7 70.5
Oct-1990 93.2 73.9 88.6 70.4
Nov-1990 93.4 73.9 88.5 70.2
Dec-1990 93.1 73.9 88.1 70.1
Jan-1991 93.2 73.7 88.2 69.9
Feb-1991 93.4 73.9 88 70.1
Mar-1991 93.3 74 87.7 70
Apr-1991 93.4 74.3 87.9 70.3
May-1991 93 74.1 87.4 70.1
Jun-1991 93.1 74.2 87.5 70.2
Jul-1991 93 73.9 87.5 70.1
Aug-1991 92.9 74.1 87.4 70
Sep-1991 93.1 74.1 87.5 70.1
Oct-1991 92.9 74.2 87.2 70
Nov-1991 92.9 74.1 87.1 70
Dec-1991 92.7 74.1 86.9 69.9
Jan-1992 93 74.4 86.9 70.1
Feb-1992 92.8 74.4 86.6 70
Mar-1992 92.9 74.5 86.8 70
Apr-1992 93 74.7 86.9 70.2
May-1992 93.2 74.8 86.8 70.3
Jun-1992 93.3 74.9 86.9 70.3
Jul-1992 93.1 74.8 86.9 70.2
Aug-1992 93.2 74.8 86.9 70.2
Sep-1992 93.1 74.5 86.8 70.1
Oct-1992 93 74.4 86.7 70
Nov-1992 92.7 74.6 86.6 70.1
Dec-1992 92.6 74.6 86.7 69.9
Jan-1993 92.6 74.3 86.8 69.9
Feb-1993 92.4 74.2 86.7 69.9
Mar-1993 92.4 74.4 86.5 70.3
Apr-1993 92.5 74.1 86.8 69.9
May-1993 92.6 74.5 87 70.2
Jun-1993 92.8 74.6 87.1 70.4
Jul-1993 92.7 74.6 87.1 70.4
Aug-1993 92.7 74.8 87.2 70.6
Sep-1993 92.5 74.7 87.1 70.5
Oct-1993 92.5 74.8 87.1 70.5
Nov-1993 92.6 74.9 87.5 70.7
Dec-1993 92.4 75.2 87.4 71
Jan-1994 92.1 75 87.1 71
Feb-1994 91.9 75.3 86.8 71.3
Mar-1994 91.7 75.2 87 71.1
Apr-1994 91.7 75.1 87.1 71.2
May-1994 91.6 75.2 87.3 71.3
Jun-1994 91.4 74.7 87 70.9
Jul-1994 91.5 75.1 87 71.4
Aug-1994 91.4 75.4 87 71.7
Sep-1994 91.6 76 87.4 72.1
Oct-1994 91.8 75.5 87.5 71.9
Nov-1994 91.9 75.6 87.9 72
Dec-1994 92 75.2 88 71.8
Jan-1995 92 75.3 87.9 71.8
Feb-1995 92 75.5 88.1 72.2
Mar-1995 91.8 75.5 87.9 72.1
Apr-1995 91.8 75.9 87.7 72.2
May-1995 91.8 75.5 87.6 72.1
Jun-1995 91.6 75.2 87.6 71.7
Jul-1995 91.4 75.7 87.5 72.2
Aug-1995 91.4 75.6 87.4 72.1
Sep-1995 91.5 75.7 87.6 72.3
Oct-1995 91.3 75.8 87.6 72.3
Nov-1995 91.3 76 87.2 72.6
Dec-1995 91.3 75.7 87.2 72.4
Jan-1996 91.5 75.8 87.5 72.4
Feb-1996 91.7 75.7 87.7 72.4
Mar-1996 91.5 75.8 87.5 72.6
Apr-1996 91.6 75.9 87.5 72.6
May-1996 91.6 76 87.6 72.5
Jun-1996 91.6 76 87.8 72.7
Jul-1996 91.8 76.3 88.1 72.9
Aug-1996 92 76.3 88.4 73
Sep-1996 91.9 76.2 88.1 73
Oct-1996 92 76.4 88.3 73.1
Nov-1996 92 76.5 88.2 73
Dec-1996 91.9 76.6 88.3 73
Jan-1997 91.9 76.5 88.2 73.2
Feb-1997 91.9 76.3 88.2 72.9
Mar-1997 91.8 76.6 88.2 73.3
Apr-1997 91.7 76.5 88.1 73.5
May-1997 91.5 76.4 88.1 73.3
Jun-1997 91.8 76.7 88.4 73.6
Jul-1997 91.9 77 88.6 73.9
Aug-1997 92 77.2 88.7 74.1
Sep-1997 91.9 77 88.6 73.9
Oct-1997 91.8 76.8 88.6 73.8
Nov-1997 91.8 76.5 88.7 73.6
Dec-1997 91.8 76.6 88.6 73.6
Jan-1998 91.9 76.4 88.8 73.4
Feb-1998 91.8 76.5 88.9 73.4
Mar-1998 92 76.7 88.8 73.5
Apr-1998 91.8 76.3 88.9 73.5
May-1998 91.7 76.3 88.8 73.4
Jun-1998 91.7 76.4 88.7 73.6
Jul-1998 91.9 76.5 88.7 73.8
Aug-1998 91.7 76.6 88.8 73.9
Sep-1998 91.7 76.8 88.8 74
Oct-1998 91.8 76.7 88.8 73.7
Nov-1998 91.9 76.6 89.1 73.7
Dec-1998 91.8 76.8 88.9 74
Jan-1999 92.5 77 89.7 74.3
Feb-1999 92.2 76.8 89.2 74.1
Mar-1999 91.8 76.5 89.2 73.8
Apr-1999 91.9 76.6 89.1 73.8
May-1999 91.8 76.7 88.9 74.1
Jun-1999 91.6 76.9 88.8 74.2
Jul-1999 91.6 76.6 88.8 73.8
Aug-1999 91.5 76.7 88.7 74.1
Sep-1999 91.4 76.9 88.6 74.3
Oct-1999 91.4 77 88.7 74.5
Nov-1999 91.6 77.1 89 74.5
Dec-1999 91.6 76.7 89 74.3
Jan-2000 92.1 77 89.5 74.4
Feb-2000 92.2 76.9 89.4 74.5
Mar-2000 91.9 77.1 89.3 74.5
Apr-2000 91.7 77.3 89.2 74.9
May-2000 91.5 77 89 74.4
Jun-2000 91.7 76.8 89.1 74.2
Jul-2000 91.5 76.6 88.9 73.9
Aug-2000 91.5 76.3 88.9 73.6
Sep-2000 91.3 76.4 88.6 73.9
Oct-2000 91.2 76.3 88.6 73.9
Nov-2000 91.4 76.5 88.8 74.1
Dec-2000 91.6 76.5 88.9 74.1
Jan-2001 91.7 76.9 88.9 74.2
Feb-2001 91.6 76.8 88.8 74.2
Mar-2001 91.5 76.9 88.5 74.3
Apr-2001 91.4 76.3 88.3 73.7
May-2001 91.4 76.4 88.3 73.7
Jun-2001 91.3 76.2 88.1 73.4
Jul-2001 91.2 76.2 87.9 73.4
Aug-2001 91.1 76.2 87.6 73.2
Sep-2001 91.1 76.2 87.6 73.1
Oct-2001 91.3 76.1 87.4 72.7
Nov-2001 91 76.2 87 72.6
Dec-2001 91.2 76.3 87.1 72.6
Jan-2002 91.1 76.1 86.8 72.5
Feb-2002 91.3 76.4 87.1 72.7
Mar-2002 91.3 76.1 87 72.5
Apr-2002 91.2 76.2 86.8 72.5
May-2002 91.3 76.1 86.9 72.2
Jun-2002 91 75.7 86.5 72.1
Jul-2002 90.9 75.5 86.5 71.9
Aug-2002 91.1 75.7 86.8 72.1
Sep-2002 91.1 75.8 86.8 72.2
Oct-2002 91 75.7 86.6 72.1
Nov-2002 90.6 75.4 85.9 71.9
Dec-2002 90.6 75.8 86 72.2
Jan-2003 90.2 75.8 85.6 72.4
Feb-2003 90.5 75.8 85.9 72.1
Mar-2003 90.4 76.1 85.8 72.4
Apr-2003 90.7 76 85.9 72.4
May-2003 90.6 75.9 85.7 72.2
Jun-2003 90.7 76.1 85.8 72.3
Jul-2003 90.6 75.6 85.8 71.9
Aug-2003 90.7 75.6 85.7 72
Sep-2003 90.7 75.3 85.9 71.6
Oct-2003 90.7 75.3 85.9 71.6
Nov-2003 90.7 75.2 86 71.7
Dec-2003 90.7 75.1 86.4 71.4
Jan-2004 90.7 75.2 86.4 71.6
Feb-2004 90.4 75.2 86.2 71.7
Mar-2004 90.2 75.5 86 71.8
Apr-2004 90.3 75.4 86.2 71.8
May-2004 90.5 75.3 86.3 71.9
Jun-2004 90.5 75.5 86.5 71.9
Jul-2004 90.7 75.4 86.7 71.9
Aug-2004 90.5 75.1 86.5 71.8
Sep-2004 90.4 75.2 86.4 71.9
Oct-2004 90.2 75.1 86.3 71.9
Nov-2004 90.4 75.2 86.5 72
Dec-2004 90.3 75.1 86.2 71.8
Jan-2005 90.3 75.3 86.5 72
Feb-2005 90.5 75.3 86.7 71.9
Mar-2005 90.5 75 86.8 71.8
Apr-2005 90.5 75.2 87 72
May-2005 90.7 75.3 87.1 72.1
Jun-2005 90.4 75 87 71.7
Jul-2005 90.5 75.3 87 71.9
Aug-2005 90.9 75.2 87.4 72.1
Sep-2005 90.6 75.4 87 72.1
Oct-2005 90.4 75.2 87 71.9
Nov-2005 90.3 75.3 86.8 71.9
Dec-2005 90.2 75.4 86.7 72.1
Jan-2006 90.4 75.3 87.2 72.2
Feb-2006 90.6 75.5 87.1 72.4
Mar-2006 90.9 75.4 87.4 72.3
Apr-2006 90.6 75.3 87.2 72.1
May-2006 90.6 75.3 87.2 72.3
Jun-2006 90.5 75.4 87.2 72.5
Jul-2006 90.4 75.7 87.1 72.7
Aug-2006 90.5 75.6 87.1 72.6
Sep-2006 90.4 75.5 87.4 72.5
Oct-2006 90.4 75.6 87.4 72.9
Nov-2006 90.7 75.5 87.5 72.7
Dec-2006 90.9 75.5 87.7 72.7
Jan-2007 91.5 75.6 88 72.8
Feb-2007 91.4 75.3 87.9 72.6
Mar-2007 91.2 75.3 88 72.7
Apr-2007 91.1 75 87.9 72.2
May-2007 90.9 75.3 87.7 72.5
Jun-2007 90.7 75.3 87.5 72.5
Jul-2007 90.6 75.4 87.3 72.4
Aug-2007 90.5 75.5 87.2 72.6
Sep-2007 90.4 75.4 87.1 72.5
Oct-2007 90.3 75.3 86.9 72.4
Nov-2007 90.6 75.5 87.2 72.5
Dec-2007 90.9 75.5 87.2 72.4
Jan-2008 91.1 75.7 87.4 72.7
Feb-2008 91 75.5 87.4 72.6
Mar-2008 90.9 75.8 87.1 72.6
Apr-2008 90.6 75.8 86.7 72.7
May-2008 90.5 75.9 86.5 72.6
Jun-2008 90.5 76 86.3 72.6
Jul-2008 90.7 75.7 86.2 72.4
Aug-2008 90.5 76 85.8 72.1
Sep-2008 90.5 75.8 85.4 72.3
Oct-2008 90.4 75.8 85.2 71.9
Nov-2008 90.3 75.9 84.7 71.7
Dec-2008 89.9 75.9 83.7 71.6
Jan-2009 90 75.8 83.1 71.1
Feb-2009 89.8 76 82.5 71
Mar-2009 89.7 75.7 82 70.6
Apr-2009 89.9 75.9 81.8 70.7
May-2009 90.1 75.8 81.5 70.4
Jun-2009 90 75.9 81.5 70.4
Jul-2009 89.8 75.8 81.3 70.4
Aug-2009 90.1 75.6 81.2 70
Sep-2009 89.8 75.3 80.8 69.5
Oct-2009 89.8 75.3 80.8 69.4
Nov-2009 89.6 75.4 80.7 69.8
Dec-2009 88.9 75.2 80.4 69.2
Jan-2010 89.2 75.6 80.7 69.8
Feb-2010 89.2 75.5 80.6 69.7
Mar-2010 89.5 75.5 80.8 69.5
Apr-2010 89.7 75.6 81.3 69.6
May-2010 89.5 75.2 81.1 69.3
Jun-2010 89.5 75.1 81.1 69.5
Jul-2010 89.2 74.8 81.1 69.1
Aug-2010 89.3 74.9 81.2 69
Sep-2010 89.3 74.9 81.2 69.1
Oct-2010 88.9 74.9 81.1 69
Nov-2010 88.9 75.3 80.7 69.1
Dec-2010 88.6 75.2 80.8 69.4
Jan-2011 88.6 74.9 81.2 69.3
Feb-2011 88.7 74.7 81.4 69
Mar-2011 88.8 74.9 81.4 69.3
Apr-2011 88.7 74.9 81.2 69.1
May-2011 89 74.6 81.6 68.9
Jun-2011 88.9 74.6 81.3 68.8
Jul-2011 88.6 74.5 81.1 69
Aug-2011 88.7 74.7 81.4 68.9
Sep-2011 88.6 74.6 81.3 68.7
Oct-2011 88.4 74.4 81.1 68.9
Nov-2011 88.7 74.4 81.9 68.8
Dec-2011 88.7 74.6 82.1 68.9
Jan-2012 88.8 74.5 82.5 68.9
Feb-2012 88.7 74.5 82.4 68.9
Mar-2012 88.9 74.5 82.5 69.2
Apr-2012 88.7 74.4 82.5 69.1
May-2012 88.6 74.5 82.5 69.2
Jun-2012 88.9 74.4 82.6 69
Jul-2012 88.6 74.5 82.4 69.1
Aug-2012 88.6 74.5 82.4 69.2
Sep-2012 88.6 74.6 82.7 69.5
Oct-2012 88.8 74.7 82.9 69.6
Nov-2012 88.4 74.3 82.5 69.4
Dec-2012 88.6 74.6 82.8 69.4
Jan-2013 88.4 74 82.6 68.9
Feb-2013 88.5 73.9 82.8 69
Mar-2013 88.3 73.9 82.8 69
Apr-2013 88.6 73.7 82.8 69.1
May-2013 88.6 74 83 69.3
Jun-2013 88.6 74 82.9 69.2
Jul-2013 88.5 74.1 82.9 69.4
Aug-2013 88.3 74 82.6 69.6
Sep-2013 88.4 73.9 82.6 69.6
Oct-2013 88 73.5 82.4 69
Nov-2013 88.6 73.8 83 69.3
Dec-2013 88.1 73.8 83 69.5
Jan-2014 88.2 73.9 83.2 69.8
Feb-2014 88.1 74.3 83 70.1
Mar-2014 88.3 74.2 83.5 69.8
Apr-2014 87.9 74 83.2 69.9
May-2014 88 73.8 83.3 69.8
Jun-2014 88.3 74 83.8 70.2
Jul-2014 88.3 73.7 83.8 69.8
Aug-2014 88.5 74 83.9 70.1
Sep-2014 88.1 73.7 84.1 69.8
Oct-2014 88.1 73.9 84 70.1
Nov-2014 88.1 73.9 83.9 70.3
Dec-2014 88.2 73.8 84.2 70.3
Jan-2015 88.5 73.8 84.3 70.2
Feb-2015 88.4 73.6 84.3 70.3
Mar-2015 88.5 73.4 84.5 70
Apr-2015 88.4 73.8 84.4 70.2
May-2015 88.3 74.1 84.3 70.4
Jun-2015 88.3 73.8 84.5 70.5
Jul-2015 88.1 73.5 84.4 70.1
Aug-2015 88.2 73.5 84.6 70.2
Sep-2015 88.2 73.3 84.6 70.2
Oct-2015 88.2 73.6 84.4 70.3
Nov-2015 88.1 73.9 84.4 70.7
Dec-2015 88.2 73.9 84.5 70.6
Jan-2016 88.4 74.1 84.9 70.8
Feb-2016 88.5 74 84.9 70.9
Mar-2016 88.7 74.3 85.1 71
Apr-2016 88.5 74.2 84.8 70.9
May-2016 88.4 74.1 84.9 71
Jun-2016 88.7 74.2 85.1 71
Jul-2016 88.5 74.2 84.9 71.3
Aug-2016 88.4 74.4 84.9 71.1
Sep-2016 88.7 74.6 84.9 71.3
Oct-2016 88.6 74.7 85 71.5
Nov-2016 88.5 74.4 85 71.3
Dec-2016 88.5 74.5 85.1 71.4
Jan-2017 88.8 74.4 85.3 71.4
Feb-2017 88.6 74.7 85.1 71.7
Mar-2017 88.5 74.9 85.1 72
Apr-2017 88.5 75.2 85.4 72
May-2017 88.5 75 85.2 71.9
Jun-2017 88.6 75 85.3 72.2
Jul-2017 88.6 75.2 85.3 72.3
Aug-2017 88.4 75 85.1 72.1
Sep-2017 88.7 75.2 85.6 72.4
Oct-2017 88.6 74.8 85.7 72.2
Nov-2017 88.5 75.2 85.6 72.5
Dec-2017 89 74.9 86.1 72.2
Jan-2018 89 74.8 85.9 72.2
Feb-2018 89.3 75.2 86.4 72.4
Mar-2018 89.1 75.1 86.1 72.5
Apr-2018 89.2 74.9 86.2 72.3
May-2018 89.1 74.9 86.3 72.5
Jun-2018 89 75.5 86.1 72.9
Jul-2018 88.8 75.6 86.2 73
Aug-2018 88.7 75.4 86 72.9
Sep-2018 88.7 75.2 86 72.9
Oct-2018 89 75.7 86.2 73.4
Nov-2018 89 75.5 86.3 73.1
Dec-2018 89 75.7 86.1 73.3
Jan-2019 89.4 75.9 86.4 73.4
Feb-2019 89.4 75.8 86.5 73.4
Mar-2019 89.5 75.7 86.7 73.2
Apr-2019 89.1 75.5 86.4 73.3
May-2019 88.8 75.6 86.2 73.3
Jun-2019 88.7 75.9 86.1 73.6
Jul-2019 88.9 75.4 86.2 73
Aug-2019 89 76.3 86.3 74
Sep-2019 89.1 76.3 86.4 74
Oct-2019 89.1 76.6 86.5 74.2
Nov-2019 89.3 76.5 86.7 74.1
Dec-2019 89.2 76.8 86.6 74.4
Jan-2020 89.3 77 86.6 74.7
Feb-2020 89.3 77 86.5 74.7
Mar-2020 89 76.4 85.9 73.6
Apr-2020 86.4 73.6 76 63.5
May-2020 87.2 74.3 77.9 65
Jun-2020 87.9 75.4 79.5 67.7
Jul-2020 87.6 75.1 79.8 67.9
Aug-2020 88.1 74.9 81.6 69.2

 

ChartData Download data

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Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Current Population Survey public data.

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Unemployment rate, 1948–2020

Date Unemployment rate
Jan-1948 3.4%
Feb-1948 3.8%
Mar-1948 4.0%
Apr-1948 3.9%
May-1948 3.5%
Jun-1948 3.6%
Jul-1948 3.6%
Aug-1948 3.9%
Sep-1948 3.8%
Oct-1948 3.7%
Nov-1948 3.8%
Dec-1948 4.0%
Jan-1949 4.3%
Feb-1949 4.7%
Mar-1949 5.0%
Apr-1949 5.3%
May-1949 6.1%
Jun-1949 6.2%
Jul-1949 6.7%
Aug-1949 6.8%
Sep-1949 6.6%
Oct-1949 7.9%
Nov-1949 6.4%
Dec-1949 6.6%
Jan-1950 6.5%
Feb-1950 6.4%
Mar-1950 6.3%
Apr-1950 5.8%
May-1950 5.5%
Jun-1950 5.4%
Jul-1950 5.0%
Aug-1950 4.5%
Sep-1950 4.4%
Oct-1950 4.2%
Nov-1950 4.2%
Dec-1950 4.3%
Jan-1951 3.7%
Feb-1951 3.4%
Mar-1951 3.4%
Apr-1951 3.1%
May-1951 3.0%
Jun-1951 3.2%
Jul-1951 3.1%
Aug-1951 3.1%
Sep-1951 3.3%
Oct-1951 3.5%
Nov-1951 3.5%
Dec-1951 3.1%
Jan-1952 3.2%
Feb-1952 3.1%
Mar-1952 2.9%
Apr-1952 2.9%
May-1952 3.0%
Jun-1952 3.0%
Jul-1952 3.2%
Aug-1952 3.4%
Sep-1952 3.1%
Oct-1952 3.0%
Nov-1952 2.8%
Dec-1952 2.7%
Jan-1953 2.9%
Feb-1953 2.6%
Mar-1953 2.6%
Apr-1953 2.7%
May-1953 2.5%
Jun-1953 2.5%
Jul-1953 2.6%
Aug-1953 2.7%
Sep-1953 2.9%
Oct-1953 3.1%
Nov-1953 3.5%
Dec-1953 4.5%
Jan-1954 4.9%
Feb-1954 5.2%
Mar-1954 5.7%
Apr-1954 5.9%
May-1954 5.9%
Jun-1954 5.6%
Jul-1954 5.8%
Aug-1954 6.0%
Sep-1954 6.1%
Oct-1954 5.7%
Nov-1954 5.3%
Dec-1954 5.0%
Jan-1955 4.9%
Feb-1955 4.7%
Mar-1955 4.6%
Apr-1955 4.7%
May-1955 4.3%
Jun-1955 4.2%
Jul-1955 4.0%
Aug-1955 4.2%
Sep-1955 4.1%
Oct-1955 4.3%
Nov-1955 4.2%
Dec-1955 4.2%
Jan-1956 4.0%
Feb-1956 3.9%
Mar-1956 4.2%
Apr-1956 4.0%
May-1956 4.3%
Jun-1956 4.3%
Jul-1956 4.4%
Aug-1956 4.1%
Sep-1956 3.9%
Oct-1956 3.9%
Nov-1956 4.3%
Dec-1956 4.2%
Jan-1957 4.2%
Feb-1957 3.9%
Mar-1957 3.7%
Apr-1957 3.9%
May-1957 4.1%
Jun-1957 4.3%
Jul-1957 4.2%
Aug-1957 4.1%
Sep-1957 4.4%
Oct-1957 4.5%
Nov-1957 5.1%
Dec-1957 5.2%
Jan-1958 5.8%
Feb-1958 6.4%
Mar-1958 6.7%
Apr-1958 7.4%
May-1958 7.4%
Jun-1958 7.3%
Jul-1958 7.5%
Aug-1958 7.4%
Sep-1958 7.1%
Oct-1958 6.7%
Nov-1958 6.2%
Dec-1958 6.2%
Jan-1959 6.0%
Feb-1959 5.9%
Mar-1959 5.6%
Apr-1959 5.2%
May-1959 5.1%
Jun-1959 5.0%
Jul-1959 5.1%
Aug-1959 5.2%
Sep-1959 5.5%
Oct-1959 5.7%
Nov-1959 5.8%
Dec-1959 5.3%
Jan-1960 5.2%
Feb-1960 4.8%
Mar-1960 5.4%
Apr-1960 5.2%
May-1960 5.1%
Jun-1960 5.4%
Jul-1960 5.5%
Aug-1960 5.6%
Sep-1960 5.5%
Oct-1960 6.1%
Nov-1960 6.1%
Dec-1960 6.6%
Jan-1961 6.6%
Feb-1961 6.9%
Mar-1961 6.9%
Apr-1961 7.0%
May-1961 7.1%
Jun-1961 6.9%
Jul-1961 7.0%
Aug-1961 6.6%
Sep-1961 6.7%
Oct-1961 6.5%
Nov-1961 6.1%
Dec-1961 6.0%
Jan-1962 5.8%
Feb-1962 5.5%
Mar-1962 5.6%
Apr-1962 5.6%
May-1962 5.5%
Jun-1962 5.5%
Jul-1962 5.4%
Aug-1962 5.7%
Sep-1962 5.6%
Oct-1962 5.4%
Nov-1962 5.7%
Dec-1962 5.5%
Jan-1963 5.7%
Feb-1963 5.9%
Mar-1963 5.7%
Apr-1963 5.7%
May-1963 5.9%
Jun-1963 5.6%
Jul-1963 5.6%
Aug-1963 5.4%
Sep-1963 5.5%
Oct-1963 5.5%
Nov-1963 5.7%
Dec-1963 5.5%
Jan-1964 5.6%
Feb-1964 5.4%
Mar-1964 5.4%
Apr-1964 5.3%
May-1964 5.1%
Jun-1964 5.2%
Jul-1964 4.9%
Aug-1964 5.0%
Sep-1964 5.1%
Oct-1964 5.1%
Nov-1964 4.8%
Dec-1964 5.0%
Jan-1965 4.9%
Feb-1965 5.1%
Mar-1965 4.7%
Apr-1965 4.8%
May-1965 4.6%
Jun-1965 4.6%
Jul-1965 4.4%
Aug-1965 4.4%
Sep-1965 4.3%
Oct-1965 4.2%
Nov-1965 4.1%
Dec-1965 4.0%
Jan-1966 4.0%
Feb-1966 3.8%
Mar-1966 3.8%
Apr-1966 3.8%
May-1966 3.9%
Jun-1966 3.8%
Jul-1966 3.8%
Aug-1966 3.8%
Sep-1966 3.7%
Oct-1966 3.7%
Nov-1966 3.6%
Dec-1966 3.8%
Jan-1967 3.9%
Feb-1967 3.8%
Mar-1967 3.8%
Apr-1967 3.8%
May-1967 3.8%
Jun-1967 3.9%
Jul-1967 3.8%
Aug-1967 3.8%
Sep-1967 3.8%
Oct-1967 4.0%
Nov-1967 3.9%
Dec-1967 3.8%
Jan-1968 3.7%
Feb-1968 3.8%
Mar-1968 3.7%
Apr-1968 3.5%
May-1968 3.5%
Jun-1968 3.7%
Jul-1968 3.7%
Aug-1968 3.5%
Sep-1968 3.4%
Oct-1968 3.4%
Nov-1968 3.4%
Dec-1968 3.4%
Jan-1969 3.4%
Feb-1969 3.4%
Mar-1969 3.4%
Apr-1969 3.4%
May-1969 3.4%
Jun-1969 3.5%
Jul-1969 3.5%
Aug-1969 3.5%
Sep-1969 3.7%
Oct-1969 3.7%
Nov-1969 3.5%
Dec-1969 3.5%
Jan-1970 3.9%
Feb-1970 4.2%
Mar-1970 4.4%
Apr-1970 4.6%
May-1970 4.8%
Jun-1970 4.9%
Jul-1970 5.0%
Aug-1970 5.1%
Sep-1970 5.4%
Oct-1970 5.5%
Nov-1970 5.9%
Dec-1970 6.1%
Jan-1971 5.9%
Feb-1971 5.9%
Mar-1971 6.0%
Apr-1971 5.9%
May-1971 5.9%
Jun-1971 5.9%
Jul-1971 6.0%
Aug-1971 6.1%
Sep-1971 6.0%
Oct-1971 5.8%
Nov-1971 6.0%
Dec-1971 6.0%
Jan-1972 5.8%
Feb-1972 5.7%
Mar-1972 5.8%
Apr-1972 5.7%
May-1972 5.7%
Jun-1972 5.7%
Jul-1972 5.6%
Aug-1972 5.6%
Sep-1972 5.5%
Oct-1972 5.6%
Nov-1972 5.3%
Dec-1972 5.2%
Jan-1973 4.9%
Feb-1973 5.0%
Mar-1973 4.9%
Apr-1973 5.0%
May-1973 4.9%
Jun-1973 4.9%
Jul-1973 4.8%
Aug-1973 4.8%
Sep-1973 4.8%
Oct-1973 4.6%
Nov-1973 4.8%
Dec-1973 4.9%
Jan-1974 5.1%
Feb-1974 5.2%
Mar-1974 5.1%
Apr-1974 5.1%
May-1974 5.1%
Jun-1974 5.4%
Jul-1974 5.5%
Aug-1974 5.5%
Sep-1974 5.9%
Oct-1974 6.0%
Nov-1974 6.6%
Dec-1974 7.2%
Jan-1975 8.1%
Feb-1975 8.1%
Mar-1975 8.6%
Apr-1975 8.8%
May-1975 9.0%
Jun-1975 8.8%
Jul-1975 8.6%
Aug-1975 8.4%
Sep-1975 8.4%
Oct-1975 8.4%
Nov-1975 8.3%
Dec-1975 8.2%
Jan-1976 7.9%
Feb-1976 7.7%
Mar-1976 7.6%
Apr-1976 7.7%
May-1976 7.4%
Jun-1976 7.6%
Jul-1976 7.8%
Aug-1976 7.8%
Sep-1976 7.6%
Oct-1976 7.7%
Nov-1976 7.8%
Dec-1976 7.8%
Jan-1977 7.5%
Feb-1977 7.6%
Mar-1977 7.4%
Apr-1977 7.2%
May-1977 7.0%
Jun-1977 7.2%
Jul-1977 6.9%
Aug-1977 7.0%
Sep-1977 6.8%
Oct-1977 6.8%
Nov-1977 6.8%
Dec-1977 6.4%
Jan-1978 6.4%
Feb-1978 6.3%
Mar-1978 6.3%
Apr-1978 6.1%
May-1978 6.0%
Jun-1978 5.9%
Jul-1978 6.2%
Aug-1978 5.9%
Sep-1978 6.0%
Oct-1978 5.8%
Nov-1978 5.9%
Dec-1978 6.0%
Jan-1979 5.9%
Feb-1979 5.9%
Mar-1979 5.8%
Apr-1979 5.8%
May-1979 5.6%
Jun-1979 5.7%
Jul-1979 5.7%
Aug-1979 6.0%
Sep-1979 5.9%
Oct-1979 6.0%
Nov-1979 5.9%
Dec-1979 6.0%
Jan-1980 6.3%
Feb-1980 6.3%
Mar-1980 6.3%
Apr-1980 6.9%
May-1980 7.5%
Jun-1980 7.6%
Jul-1980 7.8%
Aug-1980 7.7%
Sep-1980 7.5%
Oct-1980 7.5%
Nov-1980 7.5%
Dec-1980 7.2%
Jan-1981 7.5%
Feb-1981 7.4%
Mar-1981 7.4%
Apr-1981 7.2%
May-1981 7.5%
Jun-1981 7.5%
Jul-1981 7.2%
Aug-1981 7.4%
Sep-1981 7.6%
Oct-1981 7.9%
Nov-1981 8.3%
Dec-1981 8.5%
Jan-1982 8.6%
Feb-1982 8.9%
Mar-1982 9.0%
Apr-1982 9.3%
May-1982 9.4%
Jun-1982 9.6%
Jul-1982 9.8%
Aug-1982 9.8%
Sep-1982 10.1%
Oct-1982 10.4%
Nov-1982 10.8%
Dec-1982 10.8%
Jan-1983 10.4%
Feb-1983 10.4%
Mar-1983 10.3%
Apr-1983 10.2%
May-1983 10.1%
Jun-1983 10.1%
Jul-1983 9.4%
Aug-1983 9.5%
Sep-1983 9.2%
Oct-1983 8.8%
Nov-1983 8.5%
Dec-1983 8.3%
Jan-1984 8.0%
Feb-1984 7.8%
Mar-1984 7.8%
Apr-1984 7.7%
May-1984 7.4%
Jun-1984 7.2%
Jul-1984 7.5%
Aug-1984 7.5%
Sep-1984 7.3%
Oct-1984 7.4%
Nov-1984 7.2%
Dec-1984 7.3%
Jan-1985 7.3%
Feb-1985 7.2%
Mar-1985 7.2%
Apr-1985 7.3%
May-1985 7.2%
Jun-1985 7.4%
Jul-1985 7.4%
Aug-1985 7.1%
Sep-1985 7.1%
Oct-1985 7.1%
Nov-1985 7.0%
Dec-1985 7.0%
Jan-1986 6.7%
Feb-1986 7.2%
Mar-1986 7.2%
Apr-1986 7.1%
May-1986 7.2%
Jun-1986 7.2%
Jul-1986 7.0%
Aug-1986 6.9%
Sep-1986 7.0%
Oct-1986 7.0%
Nov-1986 6.9%
Dec-1986 6.6%
Jan-1987 6.6%
Feb-1987 6.6%
Mar-1987 6.6%
Apr-1987 6.3%
May-1987 6.3%
Jun-1987 6.2%
Jul-1987 6.1%
Aug-1987 6.0%
Sep-1987 5.9%
Oct-1987 6.0%
Nov-1987 5.8%
Dec-1987 5.7%
Jan-1988 5.7%
Feb-1988 5.7%
Mar-1988 5.7%
Apr-1988 5.4%
May-1988 5.6%
Jun-1988 5.4%
Jul-1988 5.4%
Aug-1988 5.6%
Sep-1988 5.4%
Oct-1988 5.4%
Nov-1988 5.3%
Dec-1988 5.3%
Jan-1989 5.4%
Feb-1989 5.2%
Mar-1989 5.0%
Apr-1989 5.2%
May-1989 5.2%
Jun-1989 5.3%
Jul-1989 5.2%
Aug-1989 5.2%
Sep-1989 5.3%
Oct-1989 5.3%
Nov-1989 5.4%
Dec-1989 5.4%
Jan-1990 5.4%
Feb-1990 5.3%
Mar-1990 5.2%
Apr-1990 5.4%
May-1990 5.4%
Jun-1990 5.2%
Jul-1990 5.5%
Aug-1990 5.7%
Sep-1990 5.9%
Oct-1990 5.9%
Nov-1990 6.2%
Dec-1990 6.3%
Jan-1991 6.4%
Feb-1991 6.6%
Mar-1991 6.8%
Apr-1991 6.7%
May-1991 6.9%
Jun-1991 6.9%
Jul-1991 6.8%
Aug-1991 6.9%
Sep-1991 6.9%
Oct-1991 7.0%
Nov-1991 7.0%
Dec-1991 7.3%
Jan-1992 7.3%
Feb-1992 7.4%
Mar-1992 7.4%
Apr-1992 7.4%
May-1992 7.6%
Jun-1992 7.8%
Jul-1992 7.7%
Aug-1992 7.6%
Sep-1992 7.6%
Oct-1992 7.3%
Nov-1992 7.4%
Dec-1992 7.4%
Jan-1993 7.3%
Feb-1993 7.1%
Mar-1993 7.0%
Apr-1993 7.1%
May-1993 7.1%
Jun-1993 7.0%
Jul-1993 6.9%
Aug-1993 6.8%
Sep-1993 6.7%
Oct-1993 6.8%
Nov-1993 6.6%
Dec-1993 6.5%
Jan-1994 6.6%
Feb-1994 6.6%
Mar-1994 6.5%
Apr-1994 6.4%
May-1994 6.1%
Jun-1994 6.1%
Jul-1994 6.1%
Aug-1994 6.0%
Sep-1994 5.9%
Oct-1994 5.8%
Nov-1994 5.6%
Dec-1994 5.5%
Jan-1995 5.6%
Feb-1995 5.4%
Mar-1995 5.4%
Apr-1995 5.8%
May-1995 5.6%
Jun-1995 5.6%
Jul-1995 5.7%
Aug-1995 5.7%
Sep-1995 5.6%
Oct-1995 5.5%
Nov-1995 5.6%
Dec-1995 5.6%
Jan-1996 5.6%
Feb-1996 5.5%
Mar-1996 5.5%
Apr-1996 5.6%
May-1996 5.6%
Jun-1996 5.3%
Jul-1996 5.5%
Aug-1996 5.1%
Sep-1996 5.2%
Oct-1996 5.2%
Nov-1996 5.4%
Dec-1996 5.4%
Jan-1997 5.3%
Feb-1997 5.2%
Mar-1997 5.2%
Apr-1997 5.1%
May-1997 4.9%
Jun-1997 5.0%
Jul-1997 4.9%
Aug-1997 4.8%
Sep-1997 4.9%
Oct-1997 4.7%
Nov-1997 4.6%
Dec-1997 4.7%
Jan-1998 4.6%
Feb-1998 4.6%
Mar-1998 4.7%
Apr-1998 4.3%
May-1998 4.4%
Jun-1998 4.5%
Jul-1998 4.5%
Aug-1998 4.5%
Sep-1998 4.6%
Oct-1998 4.5%
Nov-1998 4.4%
Dec-1998 4.4%
Jan-1999 4.3%
Feb-1999 4.4%
Mar-1999 4.2%
Apr-1999 4.3%
May-1999 4.2%
Jun-1999 4.3%
Jul-1999 4.3%
Aug-1999 4.2%
Sep-1999 4.2%
Oct-1999 4.1%
Nov-1999 4.1%
Dec-1999 4.0%
Jan-2000 4.0%
Feb-2000 4.1%
Mar-2000 4.0%
Apr-2000 3.8%
May-2000 4.0%
Jun-2000 4.0%
Jul-2000 4.0%
Aug-2000 4.1%
Sep-2000 3.9%
Oct-2000 3.9%
Nov-2000 3.9%
Dec-2000 3.9%
Jan-2001 4.2%
Feb-2001 4.2%
Mar-2001 4.3%
Apr-2001 4.4%
May-2001 4.3%
Jun-2001 4.5%
Jul-2001 4.6%
Aug-2001 4.9%
Sep-2001 5.0%
Oct-2001 5.3%
Nov-2001 5.5%
Dec-2001 5.7%
Jan-2002 5.7%
Feb-2002 5.7%
Mar-2002 5.7%
Apr-2002 5.9%
May-2002 5.8%
Jun-2002 5.8%
Jul-2002 5.8%
Aug-2002 5.7%
Sep-2002 5.7%
Oct-2002 5.7%
Nov-2002 5.9%
Dec-2002 6.0%
Jan-2003 5.8%
Feb-2003 5.9%
Mar-2003 5.9%
Apr-2003 6.0%
May-2003 6.1%
Jun-2003 6.3%
Jul-2003 6.2%
Aug-2003 6.1%
Sep-2003 6.1%
Oct-2003 6.0%
Nov-2003 5.8%
Dec-2003 5.7%
Jan-2004 5.7%
Feb-2004 5.6%
Mar-2004 5.8%
Apr-2004 5.6%
May-2004 5.6%
Jun-2004 5.6%
Jul-2004 5.5%
Aug-2004 5.4%
Sep-2004 5.4%
Oct-2004 5.5%
Nov-2004 5.4%
Dec-2004 5.4%
Jan-2005 5.3%
Feb-2005 5.4%
Mar-2005 5.2%
Apr-2005 5.2%
May-2005 5.1%
Jun-2005 5.0%
Jul-2005 5.0%
Aug-2005 4.9%
Sep-2005 5.0%
Oct-2005 5.0%
Nov-2005 5.0%
Dec-2005 4.9%
Jan-2006 4.7%
Feb-2006 4.8%
Mar-2006 4.7%
Apr-2006 4.7%
May-2006 4.6%
Jun-2006 4.6%
Jul-2006 4.7%
Aug-2006 4.7%
Sep-2006 4.5%
Oct-2006 4.4%
Nov-2006 4.5%
Dec-2006 4.4%
Jan-2007 4.6%
Feb-2007 4.5%
Mar-2007 4.4%
Apr-2007 4.5%
May-2007 4.4%
Jun-2007 4.6%
Jul-2007 4.7%
Aug-2007 4.6%
Sep-2007 4.7%
Oct-2007 4.7%
Nov-2007 4.7%
Dec-2007 5.0%
Jan-2008 5.0%
Feb-2008 4.9%
Mar-2008 5.1%
Apr-2008 5.0%
May-2008 5.4%
Jun-2008 5.6%
Jul-2008 5.8%
Aug-2008 6.1%
Sep-2008 6.1%
Oct-2008 6.5%
Nov-2008 6.8%
Dec-2008 7.3%
Jan-2009 7.8%
Feb-2009 8.3%
Mar-2009 8.7%
Apr-2009 9.0%
May-2009 9.4%
Jun-2009 9.5%
Jul-2009 9.5%
Aug-2009 9.6%
Sep-2009 9.8%
Oct-2009 10.0%
Nov-2009 9.9%
Dec-2009 9.9%
Jan-2010 9.8%
Feb-2010 9.8%
Mar-2010 9.9%
Apr-2010 9.9%
May-2010 9.6%
Jun-2010 9.4%
Jul-2010 9.4%
Aug-2010 9.5%
Sep-2010 9.5%
Oct-2010 9.4%
Nov-2010 9.8%
Dec-2010 9.3%
Jan-2011 9.1%
Feb-2011 9.0%
Mar-2011 9.0%
Apr-2011 9.1%
May-2011 9.0%
Jun-2011 9.1%
Jul-2011 9.0%
Aug-2011 9.0%
Sep-2011 9.0%
Oct-2011 8.8%
Nov-2011 8.6%
Dec-2011 8.5%
Jan-2012 8.3%
Feb-2012 8.3%
Mar-2012 8.2%
Apr-2012 8.2%
May-2012 8.2%
Jun-2012 8.2%
Jul-2012 8.2%
Aug-2012 8.1%
Sep-2012 7.8%
Oct-2012 7.8%
Nov-2012 7.7%
Dec-2012 7.9%
Jan-2013 8.0%
Feb-2013 7.7%
Mar-2013 7.5%
Apr-2013 7.6%
May-2013 7.5%
Jun-2013 7.5%
Jul-2013 7.3%
Aug-2013 7.2%
Sep-2013 7.2%
Oct-2013 7.2%
Nov-2013 6.9%
Dec-2013 6.7%
Jan-2014 6.6%
Feb-2014 6.7%
Mar-2014 6.7%
Apr-2014 6.2%
May-2014 6.3%
Jun-2014 6.1%
Jul-2014 6.2%
Aug-2014 6.1%
Sep-2014 5.9%
Oct-2014 5.7%
Nov-2014 5.8%
Dec-2014 5.6%
Jan-2015 5.7%
Feb-2015 5.5%
Mar-2015 5.4%
Apr-2015 5.4%
May-2015 5.6%
Jun-2015 5.3%
Jul-2015 5.2%
Aug-2015 5.1%
Sep-2015 5.0%
Oct-2015 5.0%
Nov-2015 5.1%
Dec-2015 5.0%
Jan-2016 4.9%
Feb-2016 4.9%
Mar-2016 5.0%
Apr-2016 5.0%
May-2016 4.8%
Jun-2016 4.9%
Jul-2016 4.8%
Aug-2016 4.9%
Sep-2016 5.0%
Oct-2016 4.9%
Nov-2016 4.7%
Dec-2016 4.7%
Jan-2017 4.7%
Feb-2017 4.6%
Mar-2017 4.4%
Apr-2017 4.4%
May-2017 4.4%
Jun-2017 4.3%
Jul-2017 4.3%
Aug-2017 4.4%
Sep-2017 4.2%
Oct-2017 4.1%
Nov-2017 4.2%
Dec-2017 4.1%
Jan-2018 4.1%
Feb-2018 4.1%
Mar-2018 4.0%
Apr-2018 4.0%
May-2018 3.8%
Jun-2018 4.0%
Jul-2018 3.8%
Aug-2018 3.8%
Sep-2018 3.7%
Oct-2018 3.8%
Nov-2018 3.7%
Dec-2018 3.9%
Jan-2019 4.0%
Feb-2019 3.8%
Mar-2019 3.8%
Apr-2019 3.6%
May-2019 3.6%
Jun-2019 3.7%
Jul-2019 3.7%
Aug-2019 3.7%
Sep-2019 3.5%
Oct-2019 3.6%
Nov-2019 3.5%
Dec-2019 3.5%
Jan-2020 3.6%
Feb-2020 3.5%
Mar-2020 4.4%
Apr-2020 14.7%
May-2020 13.3%
Jun-2020 11.1%
Jul-2020 10.2%
Aug-2020 8.4%

 

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Note: Shaded areas denote recessions.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics' Current Population Survey

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Unemployment rate of workers age 16 and older by race and ethnicity, 1995–2020

date White Black Hispanic
Jan-1995 4.8% 10.3% 10.2%
Feb-1995 4.7% 10.1% 9.0%
Mar-1995 4.7% 9.7% 8.9%
Apr-1995 5.0% 10.7% 8.9%
May-1995 5.0% 10.0% 9.8%
Jun-1995 4.9% 10.7% 9.1%
Jul-1995 4.9% 10.9% 8.8%
Aug-1995 4.9% 11.1% 9.6%
Sep-1995 4.9% 11.1% 9.1%
Oct-1995 4.9% 10.0% 9.4%
Nov-1995 5.0% 9.7% 9.5%
Dec-1995 4.9% 10.2% 9.3%
Jan-1996 4.9% 10.6% 9.4%
Feb-1996 4.8% 10.0% 9.6%
Mar-1996 4.8% 10.6% 9.6%
Apr-1996 4.8% 10.7% 9.6%
May-1996 4.9% 10.2% 9.6%
Jun-1996 4.6% 10.4% 8.8%
Jul-1996 4.7% 10.6% 8.8%
Aug-1996 4.4% 10.6% 8.8%
Sep-1996 4.5% 10.6% 8.2%
Oct-1996 4.5% 10.7% 8.0%
Nov-1996 4.6% 10.6% 8.5%
Dec-1996 4.6% 10.5% 7.4%
Jan-1997 4.5% 10.8% 8.4%
Feb-1997 4.5% 10.7% 8.2%
Mar-1997 4.4% 10.5% 8.3%
Apr-1997 4.3% 10.2% 8.2%
May-1997 4.1% 10.3% 7.7%
Jun-1997 4.2% 10.8% 7.5%
Jul-1997 4.2% 9.5% 7.9%
Aug-1997 4.2% 9.4% 7.2%
Sep-1997 4.2% 9.5% 7.4%
Oct-1997 4.1% 9.5% 7.8%
Nov-1997 3.9% 9.5% 7.0%
Dec-1997 3.9% 10.0% 7.3%
Jan-1998 4.0% 9.4% 7.1%
Feb-1998 3.9% 9.3% 6.9%
Mar-1998 4.0% 9.2% 6.9%
Apr-1998 3.7% 9.1% 6.7%
May-1998 3.8% 8.9% 6.9%
Jun-1998 3.9% 8.8% 7.4%
Jul-1998 3.8% 9.5% 7.3%
Aug-1998 3.9% 8.8% 7.4%
Sep-1998 3.9% 9.1% 7.3%
Oct-1998 3.9% 8.6% 7.2%
Nov-1998 3.8% 8.6% 7.1%
Dec-1998 3.8% 7.7% 7.7%
Jan-1999 3.8% 7.8% 6.7%
Feb-1999 3.8% 8.2% 6.7%
Mar-1999 3.6% 8.0% 5.8%
Apr-1999 3.8% 7.8% 7.0%
May-1999 3.7% 7.4% 6.7%
Jun-1999 3.8% 7.7% 6.6%
Jul-1999 3.7% 8.7% 6.5%
Aug-1999 3.7% 7.7% 6.5%
Sep-1999 3.6% 8.5% 6.7%
Oct-1999 3.5% 8.4% 6.4%
Nov-1999 3.5% 8.0% 6.0%
Dec-1999 3.5% 7.8% 5.8%
Jan-2000 3.4% 8.2% 5.6%
Feb-2000 3.6% 8.1% 5.7%
Mar-2000 3.5% 7.4% 6.1%
Apr-2000 3.4% 7% 5.5%
May-2000 3.5% 7.7% 5.8%
Jun-2000 3.4% 7.8% 5.6%
Jul-2000 3.5% 7.7% 5.8%
Aug-2000 3.6% 7.9% 5.9%
Sep-2000 3.5% 7.3% 5.8%
Oct-2000 3.4% 7.3% 5.1%
Nov-2000 3.5% 7.3% 6.0%
Dec-2000 3.5% 7.4% 5.7%
Jan-2001 3.6% 8.2% 5.8%
Feb-2001 3.7% 7.7% 6.1%
Mar-2001 3.7% 8.3% 6.2%
Apr-2001 3.9% 8.0% 6.4%
May-2001 3.8% 7.9% 6.3%
Jun-2001 4.0% 8.3% 6.6%
Jul-2001 4.0% 8.0% 6.2%
Aug-2001 4.3% 9.1% 6.5%
Sep-2001 4.3% 8.9% 6.7%
Oct-2001 4.7% 9.5% 7.1%
Nov-2001 4.9% 9.8% 7.3%
Dec-2001 5.1% 10.1% 7.7%
Jan-2002 5.1% 10.0% 7.8%
Feb-2002 5.0% 9.9% 7.0%
Mar-2002 5.0% 10.5% 7.5%
Apr-2002 5.2% 10.7% 8.0%
May-2002 5.1% 10.2% 7.1%
Jun-2002 5.1% 10.5% 7.4%
Jul-2002 5.2% 9.8% 7.4%
Aug-2002 5.1% 9.8% 7.5%
Sep-2002 5.1% 9.7% 7.4%
Oct-2002 5.1% 9.8% 7.9%
Nov-2002 5.1% 10.7% 7.8%
Dec-2002 5.1% 11.3% 7.9%
Jan-2003 5.2% 10.5% 7.9%
Feb-2003 5.1% 10.7% 7.7%
Mar-2003 5.1% 10.3% 7.8%
Apr-2003 5.3% 10.9% 7.6%
May-2003 5.4% 10.9% 8.0%
Jun-2003 5.5% 11.5% 8.3%
Jul-2003 5.4% 10.9% 8.0%
Aug-2003 5.4% 10.9% 7.7%
Sep-2003 5.3% 11.1% 7.3%
Oct-2003 5.1% 11.4% 7.5%
Nov-2003 5.2% 10.2% 7.4%
Dec-2003 5.0% 10.1% 6.7%
Jan-2004 5.0% 10.4% 7.3%
Feb-2004 4.9% 9.7% 7.4%
Mar-2004 5.1% 10.3% 7.6%
Apr-2004 5.0% 9.8% 7.1%
May-2004 4.9% 10.1% 6.9%
Jun-2004 5.0% 10.2% 6.6%
Jul-2004 4.7% 11.0% 6.8%
Aug-2004 4.7% 10.5% 6.8%
Sep-2004 4.6% 10.3% 6.8%
Oct-2004 4.6% 10.8% 6.8%
Nov-2004 4.6% 10.7% 6.7%
Dec-2004 4.5% 10.7% 6.6%
Jan-2005 4.5% 10.6% 6.0%
Feb-2005 4.6% 10.9% 6.3%
Mar-2005 4.5% 10.5% 5.8%
Apr-2005 4.4% 10.3% 6.4%
May-2005 4.4% 10.1% 6.0%
Jun-2005 4.3% 10.2% 5.7%
Jul-2005 4.2% 9.2% 5.5%
Aug-2005 4.2% 9.7% 5.8%
Sep-2005 4.4% 9.4% 6.4%
Oct-2005 4.4% 9.1% 6.0%
Nov-2005 4.3% 10.6% 6.1%
Dec-2005 4.2% 9.2% 6.1%
Jan-2006 4.1% 8.9% 5.5%
Feb-2006 4.1% 9.5% 5.4%
Mar-2006 4.0% 9.5% 5.2%
Apr-2006 4.1% 9.4% 5.5%
May-2006 4.1% 8.7% 5.0%
Jun-2006 4.1% 8.9% 5.2%
Jul-2006 4.1% 9.5% 5.2%
Aug-2006 4.1% 8.8% 5.3%
Sep-2006 3.9% 9.0% 5.5%
Oct-2006 3.9% 8.4% 4.8%
Nov-2006 4.0% 8.5% 5.1%
Dec-2006 3.9% 8.3% 5.0%
Jan-2007 4.2% 7.9% 5.5%
Feb-2007 4.1% 8.0% 5.1%
Mar-2007 3.8% 8.4% 5.0%
Apr-2007 4.0% 8.3% 5.6%
May-2007 3.9% 8.3% 5.8%
Jun-2007 4.1% 8.5% 5.5%
Jul-2007 4.2% 8.1% 5.9%
Aug-2007 4.2% 7.6% 5.5%
Sep-2007 4.2% 8.0% 5.9%
Oct-2007 4.1% 8.5% 5.7%
Nov-2007 4.2% 8.5% 5.9%
Dec-2007 4.4% 9.0% 6.3%
Jan-2008 4.4% 9.1% 6.3%
Feb-2008 4.4% 8.4% 6.2%
Mar-2008 4.5% 9.2% 6.9%
Apr-2008 4.4% 8.6% 7.1%
May-2008 4.8% 9.6% 6.9%
Jun-2008 5.0% 9.4% 7.6%
Jul-2008 5.2% 10.0% 7.5%
Aug-2008 5.4% 10.6% 8.0%
Sep-2008 5.4% 11.3% 8.0%
Oct-2008 5.9% 11.4% 8.8%
Nov-2008 6.2% 11.5% 8.7%
Dec-2008 6.7% 12.1% 9.4%
Jan-2009 7.1% 12.7% 10.1%
Feb-2009 7.6% 13.7% 11.3%
Mar-2009 8.0% 13.7% 11.7%
Apr-2009 8.1% 15.0% 11.4%
May-2009 8.5% 15.0% 12.3%
Jun-2009 8.7% 14.8% 12.1%
Jul-2009 8.7% 14.8% 12.5%
Aug-2009 8.9% 16.8% 13.0%
Sep-2009 8.9% 15.3% 12.6%
Oct-2009 9.2% 15.8% 12.8%
Nov-2009 9.2% 15.7% 12.4%
Dec-2009 9.0% 16.1% 12.8%
Jan-2010 8.8% 16.5% 12.9%
Feb-2010 8.9% 16.1% 12.7%
Mar-2010 8.9% 16.8% 13%
Apr-2010 9.0% 16.6% 12.5%
May-2010 8.7% 15.5% 12.0%
Jun-2010 8.6% 15.2% 12.3%
Jul-2010 8.5% 15.6% 12.2%
Aug-2010 8.6% 15.9% 12.0%
Sep-2010 8.6% 16.0% 12.3%
Oct-2010 8.6% 15.6% 12.3%
Nov-2010 8.9% 16.2% 12.9%
Dec-2010 8.5% 15.5% 12.9%
Jan-2011 8.1% 15.8% 12.3%
Feb-2011 8.1% 15.5% 11.8%
Mar-2011 8.0% 15.8% 11.6%
Apr-2011 8.1% 16.5% 11.9%
May-2011 7.9% 16.3% 11.6%
Jun-2011 8.1% 16.2% 11.5%
Jul-2011 8.0% 15.9% 11.2%
Aug-2011 7.9% 16.4% 11.2%
Sep-2011 7.9% 15.9% 11.2%
Oct-2011 7.9% 14.6% 11.3%
Nov-2011 7.7% 15.6% 11.2%
Dec-2011 7.5% 15.4% 11.1%
Jan-2012 7.4% 13.6% 10.7%
Feb-2012 7.4% 14.0% 10.9%
Mar-2012 7.3% 14.0% 10.6%
Apr-2012 7.4% 13.3% 10.3%
May-2012 7.4% 13.5% 10.9%
Jun-2012 7.3% 14.5% 10.9%
Jul-2012 7.3% 14.2% 10.2%
Aug-2012 7.2% 13.8% 10.1%
Sep-2012 7.0% 13.6% 9.7%
Oct-2012 6.9% 14.1% 10.0%
Nov-2012 6.8% 13.3% 9.9%
Dec-2012 6.9% 14.0% 9.6%
Jan-2013 7.1% 13.7% 9.7%
Feb-2013 6.8% 13.8% 9.7%
Mar-2013 6.7% 13.0% 9.3%
Apr-2013 6.7% 13.3% 9.0%
May-2013 6.7% 13.4% 9.0%
Jun-2013 6.6% 14.2% 9.1%
Jul-2013 6.5% 12.6% 9.4%
Aug-2013 6.4% 12.8% 9.2%
Sep-2013 6.3% 13.0% 8.8%
Oct-2013 6.3% 12.8% 9.1%
Nov-2013 6.1% 12.3% 8.7%
Dec-2013 5.9% 11.9% 8.3%
Jan-2014 5.7% 12.1% 8.3%
Feb-2014 5.8% 11.8% 8.2%
Mar-2014 5.8% 12.1% 7.9%
Apr-2014 5.3% 11.6% 7.2%
May-2014 5.4% 11.4% 7.7%
Jun-2014 5.3% 11.0% 7.8%
Jul-2014 5.3% 11.6% 7.7%
Aug-2014 5.3% 11.4% 7.4%
Sep-2014 5.1% 11.0% 6.8%
Oct-2014 4.9% 10.6% 6.8%
Nov-2014 5.0% 10.9% 6.6%
Dec-2014 4.7% 10.6% 6.4%
Jan-2015 4.9% 10.3% 6.7%
Feb-2015 4.7% 10.1% 6.8%
Mar-2015 4.8% 9.9% 6.8%
Apr-2015 4.7% 9.7% 6.8%
May-2015 4.8% 10.3% 6.8%
Jun-2015 4.6% 9.7% 6.7%
Jul-2015 4.5% 9.1% 6.9%
Aug-2015 4.4% 9.4% 6.6%
Sep-2015 4.4% 9.3% 6.2%
Oct-2015 4.4% 9.0% 6.3%
Nov-2015 4.4% 9.4% 6.4%
Dec-2015 4.4% 8.5% 6.2%
Jan-2016 4.2% 8.7% 5.8%
Feb-2016 4.3% 8.5% 5.4%
Mar-2016 4.3% 8.9% 5.5%
Apr-2016 4.4% 8.8% 6.1%
May-2016 4.2% 8.2% 5.6%
Jun-2016 4.3% 8.8% 5.9%
Jul-2016 4.2% 8.4% 5.5%
Aug-2016 4.3% 8.0% 5.6%
Sep-2016 4.4% 8.5% 6.4%
Oct-2016 4.4% 8.4% 5.8%
Nov-2016 4.2% 8.1% 5.8%
Dec-2016 4.2% 7.9% 5.9%
Jan-2017 4.2% 7.5% 5.8%
Feb-2017 4.0% 7.9% 5.5%
Mar-2017 3.9% 7.9% 5.0%
Apr-2017 3.9% 7.9% 5.1%
May-2017 3.8% 7.7% 5.2%
Jun-2017 3.8% 7.1% 4.9%
Jul-2017 3.7% 7.4% 5.1%
Aug-2017 3.8% 7.7% 5.2%
Sep-2017 3.7% 7.2% 5.1%
Oct-2017 3.5% 7.4% 4.9%
Nov-2017 3.7% 7.4% 4.8%
Dec-2017 3.7% 6.7% 5.0%
Jan-2018 3.5% 7.5% 5.0%
Feb-2018 3.7% 6.7% 4.9%
Mar-2018 3.6% 6.8% 5.0%
Apr-2018 3.6% 6.4% 4.8%
May-2018 3.5% 5.9% 4.9%
Jun-2018 3.5% 6.5% 4.5%
Jul-2018 3.3% 6.6% 4.4%
Aug-2018 3.4% 6.3% 4.7%
Sep-2018 3.3% 6.2% 4.6%
Oct-2018 3.3% 6.3% 4.4%
Nov-2018 3.4% 6.1% 4.5%
Dec-2018 3.4% 6.6% 4.4%
Jan-2019 3.5% 6.8% 4.8%
Feb-2019 3.3% 6.9% 4.3%
Mar-2019 3.4% 6.6% 4.7%
Apr-2019 3.1% 6.6% 4.2%
May-2019 3.3% 6.2% 4.2%
Jun-2019 3.3% 6.0% 4.3%
Jul-2019 3.3% 5.9% 4.5%
Aug-2019 3.4% 5.4% 4.2%
Sep-2019 3.2% 5.5% 3.9%
Oct-2019 3.2% 5.5% 4.1%
Nov-2019 3.2% 5.6% 4.2%
Dec-2019 3.2% 5.9% 4.2%
Jan-2020 3.1% 6.0% 4.3%
Feb-2020 3.1% 5.8% 4.4%
Mar-2020 4.0% 6.7% 6.0%
Apr-2020 14.2% 16.7% 18.9%
May-2020 12.4% 16.8% 17.6%
Jun-2020 10.1% 15.4% 14.5%
Jul-2020 9.2% 14.6% 12.9%
Aug-2020 7.3% 13% 10.5%

 

ChartData Download data

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Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics' Current Population Survey, public data series

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Share of newly employed workers who said that they were not actively searching for work in the previous month

Date Share of newly employed workers who said that they were not actively searching for work in the previous month
Apr-1990 61.91%
May-1990 62.55%
Jun-1990 61.98%
Jul-1990 62.01%
Aug-1990 61.56%
Sep-1990 62.30%
Oct-1990 61.03%
Nov-1990 61.24%
Dec-1990 60.36%
Jan-1991 59.87%
Feb-1991 58.97%
Mar-1991 58.51%
Apr-1991 57.68%
May-1991 57.58%
Jun-1991 57.20%
Jul-1991 58.03%
Aug-1991 57.75%
Sep-1991 57.72%
Oct-1991 57.27%
Nov-1991 56.94%
Dec-1991 57.05%
Jan-1992 56.81%
Feb-1992 57.08%
Mar-1992 57.11%
Apr-1992 57.16%
May-1992 57.30%
Jun-1992 56.58%
Jul-1992 56.42%
Aug-1992 56.13%
Sep-1992 55.95%
Oct-1992 55.74%
Nov-1992 55.83%
Dec-1992 56.14%
Jan-1993 56.61%
Feb-1993 57.70%
Mar-1993 58.25%
Apr-1993 58.41%
May-1993 58.24%
Jun-1993 58.06%
Jul-1993 57.54%
Aug-1993 57.51%
Sep-1993 58.03%
Oct-1993 58.92%
Nov-1993 58.48%
Dec-1993 58.30%
Jan-1994 58.76%
Feb-1994 59.24%
Mar-1994 59.09%
Apr-1994 58.66%
May-1994 58.31%
Jun-1994 58.47%
Jul-1994 58.58%
Aug-1994 59.04%
Sep-1994 59.14%
Oct-1994 59.80%
Nov-1994 60.09%
Dec-1994 60.32%
Jan-1995 60.35%
Feb-1995 59.53%
Mar-1995 59.69%
Apr-1995 59.74%
May-1995 59.22%
Jun-1995 59.54%
Jul-1995 59.50%
Aug-1995 59.97%
Sep-1995 60.22%
Oct-1995 59.86%
Nov-1995 60.61%
Dec-1995 59.90%
Jan-1996 59.78%
Feb-1996 60.28%
Mar-1996 60.69%
Apr-1996 60.99%
May-1996 60.71%
Jun-1996 60.85%
Jul-1996 61.46%
Aug-1996 60.78%
Sep-1996 60.92%
Oct-1996 60.24%
Nov-1996 60.56%
Dec-1996 59.62%
Jan-1997 59.08%
Feb-1997 58.93%
Mar-1997 60.28%
Apr-1997 61.40%
May-1997 61.77%
Jun-1997 61.13%
Jul-1997 60.35%
Aug-1997 61.26%
Sep-1997 61.89%
Oct-1997 62.50%
Nov-1997 62.69%
Dec-1997 62.83%
Jan-1998 63.34%
Feb-1998 62.70%
Mar-1998 62.88%
Apr-1998 62.38%
May-1998 63.49%
Jun-1998 63.25%
Jul-1998 64.18%
Aug-1998 63.98%
Sep-1998 65.24%
Oct-1998 65.14%
Nov-1998 65.06%
Dec-1998 64.93%
Jan-1999 65.59%
Feb-1999 65.54%
Mar-1999 64.20%
Apr-1999 65.28%
May-1999 66.12%
Jun-1999 67.42%
Jul-1999 66.38%
Aug-1999 65.65%
Sep-1999 65.35%
Oct-1999 65.50%
Nov-1999 65.26%
Dec-1999 65.11%
Jan-2000 64.37%
Feb-2000 65.40%
Mar-2000 65.66%
Apr-2000 65.87%
May-2000 65.60%
Jun-2000 65.92%
Jul-2000 65.39%
Aug-2000 65.47%
Sep-2000 65.60%
Oct-2000 66.51%
Nov-2000 67.39%
Dec-2000 68.09%
Jan-2001 69.03%
Feb-2001 68.55%
Mar-2001 67.91%
Apr-2001 66.88%
May-2001 65.76%
Jun-2001 65.32%
Jul-2001 65.75%
Aug-2001 66.18%
Sep-2001 66.57%
Oct-2001 65.46%
Nov-2001 64.39%
Dec-2001 62.92%
Jan-2002 62.56%
Feb-2002 62.33%
Mar-2002 61.68%
Apr-2002 61.94%
May-2002 62.81%
Jun-2002 64.43%
Jul-2002 64.51%
Aug-2002 64.04%
Sep-2002 63.05%
Oct-2002 63.07%
Nov-2002 63.70%
Dec-2002 64.09%
Jan-2003 64.21%
Feb-2003 64.19%
Mar-2003 64.49%
Apr-2003 64.28%
May-2003 63.65%
Jun-2003 63.54%
Jul-2003 63.05%
Aug-2003 63.24%
Sep-2003 63.43%
Oct-2003 64.32%
Nov-2003 64.73%
Dec-2003 63.66%
Jan-2004 63.62%
Feb-2004 63.43%
Mar-2004 64.88%
Apr-2004 64.32%
May-2004 64.29%
Jun-2004 63.73%
Jul-2004 64.21%
Aug-2004 64.54%
Sep-2004 64.10%
Oct-2004 64.23%
Nov-2004 63.98%
Dec-2004 64.44%
Jan-2005 64.64%
Feb-2005 64.77%
Mar-2005 64.87%
Apr-2005 65.12%
May-2005 65.76%
Jun-2005 66.09%
Jul-2005 66.57%
Aug-2005 65.87%
Sep-2005 66.54%
Oct-2005 66.17%
Nov-2005 65.95%
Dec-2005 65.92%
Jan-2006 65.79%
Feb-2006 67.29%
Mar-2006 67.26%
Apr-2006 67.64%
May-2006 67.31%
Jun-2006 67.18%
Jul-2006 66.71%
Aug-2006 66.40%
Sep-2006 65.90%
Oct-2006 66.91%
Nov-2006 67.63%
Dec-2006 68.30%
Jan-2007 68.03%
Feb-2007 67.01%
Mar-2007 66.48%
Apr-2007 65.82%
May-2007 66.20%
Jun-2007 67.60%
Jul-2007 67.68%
Aug-2007 67.56%
Sep-2007 66.87%
Oct-2007 66.99%
Nov-2007 67.49%
Dec-2007 66.60%
Jan-2008 66.40%
Feb-2008 65.45%
Mar-2008 65.60%
Apr-2008 64.74%
May-2008 65.14%
Jun-2008 64.94%
Jul-2008 65.27%
Aug-2008 64.24%
Sep-2008 62.91%
Oct-2008 62.13%
Nov-2008 61.91%
Dec-2008 62.30%
Jan-2009 62.22%
Feb-2009 61.64%
Mar-2009 60.79%
Apr-2009 59.80%
May-2009 59.64%
Jun-2009 58.27%
Jul-2009 57.46%
Aug-2009 56.99%
Sep-2009 56.76%
Oct-2009 57.64%
Nov-2009 56.75%
Dec-2009 57.69%
Jan-2010 57.86%
Feb-2010 58.77%
Mar-2010 58.67%
Apr-2010 57.39%
May-2010 56.43%
Jun-2010 56.57%
Jul-2010 57.23%
Aug-2010 58.44%
Sep-2010 58.81%
Oct-2010 58.89%
Nov-2010 58.93%
Dec-2010 58.43%
Jan-2011 59.14%
Feb-2011 59.47%
Mar-2011 60.14%
Apr-2011 60.35%
May-2011 60.22%
Jun-2011 59.68%
Jul-2011 59.78%
Aug-2011 59.58%
Sep-2011 60.64%
Oct-2011 59.75%
Nov-2011 59.83%
Dec-2011 59.07%
Jan-2012 59.15%
Feb-2012 59.13%
Mar-2012 59.43%
Apr-2012 60.28%
May-2012 60.91%
Jun-2012 61.59%
Jul-2012 61.78%
Aug-2012 62.33%
Sep-2012 62.28%
Oct-2012 61.99%
Nov-2012 61.84%
Dec-2012 62.51%
Jan-2013 62.22%
Feb-2013 61.55%
Mar-2013 61.63%
Apr-2013 63.06%
May-2013 63.46%
Jun-2013 63.16%
Jul-2013 62.29%
Aug-2013 62.90%
Sep-2013 63.49%
Oct-2013 64.29%
Nov-2013 64.11%
Dec-2013 63.55%
Jan-2014 63.95%
Feb-2014 63.56%
Mar-2014 63.91%
Apr-2014 62.79%
May-2014 64.24%
Jun-2014 64.45%
Jul-2014 66.02%
Aug-2014 65.52%
Sep-2014 65.33%
Oct-2014 64.91%
Nov-2014 65.27%
Dec-2014 65.75%
Jan-2015 67.20%
Feb-2015 67.84%
Mar-2015 68.47%
Apr-2015 68.06%
May-2015 68.53%
Jun-2015 68.09%
Jul-2015 68.85%
Aug-2015 68.61%
Sep-2015 68.80%
Oct-2015 68.65%
Nov-2015 68.53%
Dec-2015 68.95%
Jan-2016 68.73%
Feb-2016 69.90%
Mar-2016 70.65%
Apr-2016 70.84%
May-2016 69.70%
Jun-2016 68.98%
Jul-2016 68.67%
Aug-2016 69.41%
Sep-2016 69.23%
Oct-2016 68.25%
Nov-2016 67.52%
Dec-2016 68.62%
Jan-2017 69.51%
Feb-2017 69.30%
Mar-2017 69.20%
Apr-2017 69.62%
May-2017 70.17%
Jun-2017 70.40%
Jul-2017 69.87%
Aug-2017 70.59%
Sep-2017 70.44%
Oct-2017 70.67%
Nov-2017 70.51%
Dec-2017 70.49%
Jan-2018 71.39%
Feb-2018 71.35%
Mar-2018 71.19%
Apr-2018 70.99%
May-2018 71.19%
Jun-2018 72.20%
Jul-2018 72.68%
Aug-2018 72.86%
Sep-2018 72.97%
Oct-2018 72.90%
Nov-2018 72.88%
Dec-2018 72.80%
Jan-2019 72.56%
Feb-2019 72.67%
Mar-2019 72.00%
Apr-2019 72.10%
May-2019 73.00%
Jun-2019 73.70%
Jul-2019 74.18%
Aug-2019 73.85%
Sep-2019 73.74%
Oct-2019 74.53%
Nov-2019 74.45%
Dec-2019 74.20%
Jan-2020 73.21%
Feb-2020 72.63%
Mar-2020 73.14%
Apr-2020 73.09%
May-2020 62.75%
Jun-2020 50.42%
Jul-2020 41.23%
Aug-2020 44.44%

 

ChartData Download data

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Note: Because of volatility in these data, the line reflects three month moving averages

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Labor Force Flows: Unemployed to Employed (16 Years and Over) [LNS17100000], and Not in Labor Force to Employed (16 years and over) [LNS17200000], retrieved from FRED (Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis).

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